Beta blockers have favorable effects on survival and disease progression in heart failure

Question

Question 1 1 / 1 point

Charlie is a 65-year-old male who has been diagnosed with hypertension and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Doxazosin has been chosen to treat his hypertension because it:

Question options:

Increases peripheral vasoconstriction

Decreases detrusor muscle contractility

Lowers supine blood pressure more than standing pressure

Relaxes smooth muscle in the bladder neck

Question 2 1 / 1 point

Which of the following adverse effects are less likely in a beta1-selective blocker?

Question options:

Dysrhythmias

Impaired insulin release

Reflex orthostatic changes

Decreased triglycerides and cholesterol

Question 3 1 / 1 point

Beta blockers have favorable effects on survival and disease progression in heart failure. Treatment should be initiated when the:

Question options:

Symptoms are severe

Patient has not responded to other therapies

Patient has concurrent hypertension

Left ventricular dysfunction is diagnosed

Question 4 1 / 1 point

You are treating a patient with a diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease. The patient’s wife mentions difficulty with transportation to the clinic. Which medication is the best choice?

Question options:

Donepezil

Tacrine

Doxazosin

Verapamil

Question 5 1 / 1 point

Antonia is a 3-year-old child who has a history of status epilepticus. Along with her routine antiseizure medication, she should also have a home prescription for_________ to be used for an episode of status epilepticus.

Question options:

IV phenobarbital

Rectal diazepam (Diastat)

IV phenytoin (Dilantin)

Oral carbamazepine (Tegretol)

Question 6 1 / 1 point

Dwayne has recently started on carbamazepine to treat seizures. He comes to see you and you note that while his carbamazepine levels had been in the therapeutic range, they are now low. The possible cause for the low carbamazepine levels include:

Question options:

Dwayne hasn’t been taking his carbamazepine because it causes insomnia.

Carbamazepine auto-induces metabolism, leading to lower levels in spite of good compliance.

Dwayne was not originally prescribed the correct amount of carbamazepine.

Carbamazepine is probably not the right antiseizure medication for Dwayne.

Question 7 1 / 1 point

Kasey fractured his ankle in two places and is asking for medication for his pain. The appropriate first-line medication would be:

Question options:

Ibuprofen (Advil)

Acetaminophen with hydrocodone (Vicodin)

Oxycodone (Oxycontin)

Oral morphine (Roxanol)

Question 8 1 / 1 point

Jack, age 8, has attention deficit disorder (ADD) and is prescribed methylphenidate (Ritalin). He and his parents should be educated about the side effects of methylphenidate, which are:

Question options:

Slurred speech and insomnia

Bradycardia and confusion

Dizziness and orthostatic hypotension

Insomnia and decreased appetite

Question 9 1 / 1 point

An appropriate first-line drug to try for mild to moderate generalized anxiety disorder would be:

Question options:

Alprazolam (Xanax)

Diazepam (Valium)

Buspirone (Buspar)

Amitriptyline (Elavil)

Question 10 1 / 1 point

David is a 34-year-old patient who is starting on paroxetine (Paxil) for depression. David’s education regarding his medication would include:

Question options:

Paroxetine may cause intermittent diarrhea.

He may experience sexual dysfunction beginning a month after he starts therapy.

He may have constipation and he should increase fluids and fiber.

Paroxetine has a long half-life so he may occasionally skip a dose.

 

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