Diagnosing

Discussion: Diagnosing and Managing Common Cardiovascular and Neurologic Conditions

Cardiovascular and neurologic conditions are among the leading causes of death and hospitalization of women in the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2008a). As an advanced practice nurse, you must routinely monitor patients at risk of these conditions and recommend the appropriate health screenings and preventive services. When assessing patients for these conditions, it is important to keep in mind that while some female patients might present with typical signs and symptoms, others might present with atypical signs and symptoms that are unique to women. For this Discussion, consider signs and symptoms presented by the women in the following case studies and develop differential diagnoses:

Case Study 1

A 48-year-old overweight African American female is in the clinic for a wellness visit. A routine fasting lipid panel returned with the following results:

·        Total cholesterol: 305 mmol/L

·        Low-density lipoprotein (LDL): 180 mg/dl

·        High-density lipoprotein (HDL): 30 mg/dl

·        Triglycerides: 165 mg/dl

Post at least 250 words

1.     an explanation of the differential diagnosis for the patient in the case study .

2.     Explain which is the most likely diagnosis for the patient and why.

3.     Then, based on the appropriate clinical guidelines, explain a treatment and management plan for the patient, including proper dosages for any recommended treatments.

4.     Finally, explain strategies for educating patients on the disorder.

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