Question: Western Europeans rejoiced when the Greeks gained independence in 1830 because

A Europeans identified with the Greeks, since ancient Greece was viewed as the home of all Western civilization

B This was a check to growing Turkish power in the eastern Mediterranean

C The Greek prince Ypsilanti, who led the revolt, was a charismatic and popular figure

D Europeans saw this as the first step toward independence for all subject peoples throughout Europe

Question: The first successful steam-powered passenger railway in the history of the world opened in 1830 and connected

A London and Manchester

B Manchester and Liverpool

C London and Edinburgh

D Liverpool and Edinburgh

Question: Gustave Flaubert’s novel Madame Bovary (1857) and Édouard Manet’s painting Olympia (1865) both explored

A Middle-class materialism

B Women’s sexuality

C Religious hypocrisy

D The lives of prostitutes

Question: In keeping with an intellectual countercurrent to industrialization, Sir Charles Barry rebuilt the British Houses of Parliament in the

A Classical style

B Baroque style

C Romanesque style

D Gothic style

Question: The new mass journalism of this period was characterized by

A An increase in sensational stories in newspapers and an emphasis on spreading information quickly

B A broadening of the literary scope of newspapers, to keep up with the expansion of commercial fiction

C A merging of political opinions in newspapers toward the center, an increased desire for “objectivity,” and the abandoning of specific liberal, conservative, or socialist points of view

D Increased prices to keep up with mounting wages and to boost profits for the new press barons

Question: The Reform Bill of 1832 was a political landmark because

A It gave representation to manufacturing cities in the north and set a precedent for the expansion of the percentage of eligible voters

B It granted a powerful voice to the numerically superior but materially poorer south

C Universal suffrage was given to all men over the age of twenty-five

D Women were granted the right to initiate divorce on grounds other than abandonment

Question: Bismarck sought to convince William I and the Junkers that a more powerful Germany could be built

A “By convincing Germans in Austria and elsewhere that we are all German brothers”

B Not “by speeches and majority decisions . . . but by iron and blood”

C By “continuing . . . the congress system so effectively pioneered by our Austrian brother Count Metternich”

D “By showing . . . a firm hand to our neighbors, . . . and a generous hand to our citizens”

Question: The founding of the Indian National Congress in 1885 represented

A A milestone in Indian self-government

B A direct and unprecedented challenge to Britain’s right to rule by educated Indian elites

C Yet another British increase in direct political control over the Indian subcontinent

D A liberalization of British policy toward Indian participation in colonial government

Question: In Great Britain, theorist Havelock Ellis (1859–1939) emerged as a practitioner of the new field of

A Sinology

B Political economy

C Sexology

D Sociology

Question: After a brief war in 1898, Spain lost Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to

A Mexico

B The United States

C Great Britain

D France

Question: The ideology that argued for the restoration of social and religious hierarchies was

A Socialism

B Conservatism

C Liberalism

D Utilitarianism

Question: Violent attacks against Jews in Russia that were condoned by officials were known as

A Pomidors

B Prostudas

C Pogroms

D Podaroks

Question: In exchange for French help in driving Austria out of Italy, Cavour offered Napoleon III

A Unchallenged French occupation of Rome

B Piedmont-Sardinia’s support of French claims in the Balkans

C Savoy and the city of Nice

D Sardinia

Question: In the late nineteenth century, industrialization tended to be capital intensive, which means that

A Industries tended to mass themselves around capital cities

B Companies were expected to produce high returns for their investors

C Large amounts of money were needed to buy expensive machinery and equipment

D A handful of private banks made loans to the most profitable new industries

Question: One example of Metternich’s campaign of repression within the states of the German Confederation was the institution of the

A Enabling Law

B Act of Supremacy

C Burschenschaften

D Carlsbad Decrees

Question: The main difference between colonialism and imperialism was that

A Peoples subject to imperialism developed an articulate and organized opposition; colonized peoples seldom coordinated opposition

B Unlike colonialism, imperialism was a more aggressive, directly exploitative form of political domination

C Colonialism typically involved settlers dependent on slave labor, whereas imperialism involved more indirect forms of economic exploitation and political domination

D Unlike the European greed motivating colonialism, imperialism focused on exerting cultural rather than economic hegemony

Question: In the 1890s, Italy joined the race for imperial acquisitions and sent an army to conquer

A Ethiopia, only to be soundly defeated

B Argentina, successfully establishing Italian control over Buenos Aires

C Ethiopia, defeating the Ethiopian army at the battle of Adowa

D The Sudan, which was, however, claimed by the British

Question: The candidate who won the first presidential election after the French Revolution of 1848 was

A Alphonse de Lamartine

B The marquis de Lafayette

C Louis Blanc

D Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte

Question: In the Crimean War of 1853–1856, Britain and France fought to

A Save Greece from the Ottoman Empire

B Defend the Ottoman Empire from dismemberment by Russia

C Protect the Bulgarians from Austro-Hungary massacres

D Stop Prussia from annexing parts of Denmark

Question: In the 1820s, socialists were more hostile to the status quo than were liberals because

A Socialists demanded that workers take over all the large factories without compensating former owners, while liberals said that owners should be reimbursed

B Factory workers who supported the socialists far outnumbered the liberals, who were backed by the middle classes

C Many former soldiers voted for socialists rather than liberals in elections because they identified the liberals with the regimes established by the Congress of Vienna

D Socialists believed that society had to be completely reorganized, whereas liberals wanted to make changes without upsetting the basic structure of society

Question: After touring Manchester, England, in the 1830s, Alexis de Tocqueville concluded that

A Conditions of factory workers were much better than previous observers had reported

B The rapid development of industry was spreading wealth throughout society

C Industrialization produced both great misery and great wealth at the same time

D Most workers were secretly engaged in trade union activity or even socialism

Question: The British made Canada a united, self-governing dominion in 1867, in part to

A Reduce colonial administration expenses more urgently needed in India

B Undercut a demand by the United States that it be allowed to annex Canada

C Encourage the Irish to emigrate there

D Encourage other colonies to assimilate British mores, tastes, and opinions more quickly

Question: Napoleon III offered the Austrian emperor Francis Joseph’s brother, Maximilian

A His allegiance in a Franco-Austrian war against Russia

B The chance to replace the former king of Spain, recently overthrown in a military coup

C Control of Mexico and ultimately of all Central America

D His support in Maximilian’s plan to seize the imperial throne from his brother

Question: The Russian Revolution of 1905 was caused by

A Troops firing on a crowd of workers protesting their inhumane working conditions

B Tsar Nicholas II’s refusal to allow Lenin and his Bolsheviks back into the country after their exile

C A bitter dispute between the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks in the Duma

D The successful Boxer Uprising in China, inspiring Russian peasants to take up arms

Question: The crop failures of the mid-1840s not only drove up the price of food but also

A Led employers to demand that workers put in unpaid overtime to produce more goods to sell to overseas markets

B Forced the military establishments of Europe to cut back on recruitment

C Destroyed medicines based on plant products, making it harder to fight infections

D Drove down demand for products, thereby creating widespread unemployment

Question: The discovery of this medicine removed a roadblock to European conquest of Africa.

A Quinine

B Cola

C Aspirin

D Sodium bicarbonate

Question: Italian unification in 1861 was led by the kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia because

A It had industry, a good economy, a strong army, and the backing of France

B The pope would work only with prime minister Camillo di Cavour and no one else

C It was the home of Giuseppe Garibaldi and most of his “Red Shirts”

D Its strategic location meant that unification would be impossible without its support

Question: Which of the following was not true of the “congress system” established by the Congress of Vienna (1814–1815)?

A It provided a new framework for international relations based on periodic meetings, or congresses, between major European countries

B It served as an important vehicle for maintenance of the European status quo and the forces of conservatism

C It led to a sudden shift of power from Prussia to Austria, as Metternich outmaneuvered the Prussian representative

D It helped to prevent another major war until mid-century and another world war until 1914

Question: In general, large numbers from rural Sicily, Ireland, and Scandinavia emigrated because

A The population was expanding so rapidly that these home countries did not have enough jobs to employ the growing labor pool

B None of these countries was an independent, democratic state, and people left to find more freedom

C American entrepreneurs who needed workers targeted these people and gave them large signing bonuses to emigrate

D These three areas lagged behind the rest of Europe in unionization

Question: Which one of the following statements about the Industrial Revolution is false?

A By the 1840s, a full 35 percent of the British labor force was employed in factories

B By 1850, the German states had nearly twice as many miles of railroad as the French

C During the 1840s, German coal and iron output were 6 or 7 percent of the British output

D In the 1840s, factories in England employed a mere 5 percent of workers

Question: Georges-Eugène Haussmann, who designed urban changes for Paris

A Worked to pipe clean water from the countryside to every dwelling in Paris

B Established public bathhouses in every section of the city

C Installed public toilets for men and women in business districts

D Built multifamily dwellings for workers adjoining factories and railway stations

Question: In 1830, France invaded and established political control over Algeria and

A Tahiti

B Micronesia

C Guyana

D Ischia

Question: As industrialization advanced, the two problems that began to plague entrepreneurs most were skyrocketing start-up costs and

A Excessive state regulatory interference

B An outmoded stock market system

C Supply that was greater than demand

D A steep rise in workers’ wages

Question: The Law of Indemnity, the Law of Sacrilege, the dissolution of the legislature, and the imposition of strict censorship were all undertaken by

A Charles X

B Prince Klemens von Metternich

C Ferdinand VII

D Frederick William III

Question: In 1859, graffiti reading “VERDI,” which appeared on the walls of Italian cities, represented

A Opposition to the monarchy of Victor Emmanuel II, whose opponents used an insulting acronym for “Victor Emmanuel Re d’Idioti” (“king of Idiots”)

B A reference to the green (Italian verde) flag of the Piedmontese nationalists

C The Italian people’s mania for the new operas of Giuseppe Verdi

D A cryptic call for Italian unification under the leadership of Vittorio Emmanuele Re d’Italia (“king of Italy”)

Question: Which of the following relationships was true in the 1960s?

A R&B influenced Nashville artists

B Nashville artists influenced R&B

C Neither A nor B

D Nashville artists influenced classical artists

Question: The Economist was established in 1843 to promote the free-trade goals of the

A Alliance Français

B Anti-Corn Law League

C British and Imperial Merchants Association

D Workers’ Alliance for Fair Prices

Question: In pursuing its program for modernization, the Meiji government

A Gave overly favorable trade agreements to technologically advanced Western powers

B Incurred the wrath and intractable resistance of its artisan and merchant classes

C Did not tolerate anyone who opposed modernization

D Received financial support from France

Question: Although Tsar Alexander II freed the serfs, a free, mobile labor force was stymied by

A Lengthy military conscription that kept men in the army for twenty-five years

B A lack of roads and rail transport

C The fact that zemstvos (local councils) often denied former serfs’ requests for permission to move

D The fact that former serfs remained tied to a system of communal landowning and decision making

Question: Which of the following was not a reform granted by Emperor Francis Joseph in Austria-Hungary?

A Ethnic minorities could receive an education

B Ethnic minorities could use their own language to communicate with officials

C Internal trade barriers were lifted

D Compulsory military service ended for nobles and peasants

Question: Scientists Antoine Becquerel, Marie Curie, and Max Planck all argued that

A Fellow scientist Alfred Nobel’s invention of dynamite in 1866 would one day lead to a worldwide military conflagration

B Completion of the periodic table would revolutionize commercial application of chemical compounds by vastly facilitating their reproduction

C Matter was not solid but, rather, made up of mutable atoms, themselves made up of subatomic particles moving about a core

D The spontaneous emission of radiation occurred directly from unstable atomic nuclei, which, if marshaled, could be used medically to treat tumors

Question: Russia encouraged anti-Japanese groups in which country?

A Indochina

B Formosa

C Korea

D Manchuria

Question: Historians use the concept of a “Second” Industrial Revolution to refer to

A The new sociocultural environment that emerged as a result of industrialization

B German industry’s surpassing of Great Britain in both output and profit

C The rise of heavy industries (coal, iron, and steel), railroads, and electricity in Great Britain after textiles and steam power in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries

D Industrialization of former colonies like Canada and the United States

Question: The overall European population was growing at the end of the nineteenth century, but

A Most governments worried that they lacked enough manpower for their armies

B The birthrate was falling in almost every country

C Governments still struggled to collect enough taxes to pay for urban improvements

D Average life expectancy did not increase

Question: In terms of their impact, what set Marx and Engels apart from other socialist and communist intellectuals?

A They tried to suppress trade unions because they thought unions would slow the advance of socialism

B The Communist Manifesto became the foundation document for communist revolutions around the world

C They were willing to work with liberals and other reformers in England and Germany

D They put religion, and particularly early Christianity, at the heart of their ideology

Question: Many European countries began to close the industrial gap with Great Britain from 1800 to 1840

A And these countries were generally able to close that gap by 1850 on their own initiative

B But even by 1850, continental Europe was almost twenty years behind British industrialization

C And through economic cooperation and sharing of technical exports, continental countries caught up with Britain’s industrial production

D But by 1850, they had failed to catch up to Great Britain because Britain had capitalized on its early industrialization and pulled even further ahead

Question: The reasoning behind the new British poor law in 1834, dubbed by its critics the “Starvation Act,” was that

A Providing food subsidies only to married women would reduce illegitimacy

B Denying workhouse access to women under thirty years of age would force their families to care for them

C Reducing the amount of food offered to urban workhouse residents would compel them to leave and return to the countryside

D The distress caused by the separation of family members from one another in workhouses would encourage the poor to move to areas of higher employment

Question: The Paris Commune of 1871 was established because

A Parisian workers rebelled against the conservative government installed by Prussia

B The women and men of Paris were outraged that the government planned to tear down their neighborhoods for urban renovation

C The provisional government could not supply sufficient food to the capital during the Prussian siege of the city, so Parisians elected their own government to meet the crisis

D The elections held under the new Third Republic deliberately underrepresented Paris, which was traditionally more radical than the rest of the country

Question: Which one of the following countries spent just as much on education in the last quarter of the nineteenth century as it did on its military?

A Germany

B Great Britain

C France

D Russia

Question: The term modernity was often applied to this period because it

A Outlines the ways in which almost all aspects of European life saw a rejection of past methods, morals, and manners

B Encompasses both the fruits of industrialization and the general acceptance that liberal capitalism was the best method for bringing about social happiness

C Describes the total abandonment of conventional social behavior in Europe, as characterized by extremely lax sexual mores and by anarchical economics

D Captures the accelerated pace of life, urbanization, mass politics, and artistic responses to all of these changes


"Do you have an upcoming essay or assignment due?

If yes Order Similar Paper