Infanticide is primarily committed by members of a child’s family using

1. According to Erich Goode, a way to explain adolescent involvement in delinquency is through:

social learning theory

failure to fit into conventional society

inadequate child-parent relationships

social bond theory

2. Over the past 15 years, the number of females arrested for violent crimes has increased ____ percent.





3. Infanticide is primarily committed by members of a child’s family using ____.



hands or feet


4. In 2005, the U.SHistorically, which of the following was not handled by the juvenile court?

neglected children


hate crimes

status offenses

5. Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty for offenders under the age of 18 at the time they committed their crime:

could continue as it is in line with the Stubborn Child Law of the Constitution

violates the Eighth Amendment

is acceptable to the general public and, therefore, constitutional

violates the principle of parens patriae

6. nce a juvenile is detained and a petition is filed, a hearing must be scheduled within:

24 hours

48-72 hours

85-120 hours

1 week

7. When a juvenile is suspected of committing a crime, police have the discretion to:

release the child and report the contact

interrogate or search the child

turn the child over to their parents under the promise of punishment

both A and B are correct

8. Most youth tend to pick friends who are like themselves. The term that describes this process is called_________.





9. According to criminologist Ko-lin Chin, Chinese gang activity is dominated by:

fighting over turf

accumulating money

doing drugs

organizing prostitution rings

10. The Rochester Youth Development Study found that gang members accounted for _____ percent of the serious delinquent acts in the community.



nearly 40

more than 85

11. Some risk factors associated with gang membership include:


failure in school

prior violence

increased drug use

all of the above are correct

12. Latchkey children are those who:

regularly pick the locks on their neighbor’s homes

have been abandoned at home by work-oriented parents

regularly care for themselves without adult supervision after school or on weekends

have highly authoritarian parents

13. In a study of the relationship between religiosity and delinquency, Travis Hirschi and Rodney Stark found that:

religious adolescents had lower rates of delinquency

religious adolescents had higher rates of delinquency

atheist adolescents had lower rates of delinquency than religious adolescents

there was no relationship between religiosity and delinquency

14. According to Russell Hill and Frank Stafford, one way mothers compensate for being in the paid labor force full-time is by:

spending more money on their children

cutting down on their own sleep and leisure time

taking time off from work to be with their children

spending more time with their children on weekends

15. According to Bruce Chadwick and Brent Top, the more _____ a person is, the less likely he or she will participate in delinquent or criminal behaviors.



financially secure


16. According to the most recent Indicators of School Crime and Safety report, children were ___ times more likely to be murdered away from school than at school.





17. Children are ____ times more likely to be murdered away from school than at school.





18. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in _____, that school officials may legally search students and their lockers without consent.

Thompson v. Carthage School District

New Jersey v. T.L.O.

Vernonia School District 47J v. Acton

West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette

19. Research has found that schools with zero-tolerance policies are _____ orderly and secure than schools, which use a case-by-case approach.

significantly more

significantly less

no more

no less

20. Peers offer each other a sense of which of the following?




all of the above are correct

21. Which one of the following is not a risk factor for very early childhood and delinquency?

maternal smoking


parent incarceration

exposure to lead

22. Impoverished neighborhoods often are characterized by which of the following?

high rates of self-employment

inadequate education systems

strong social support networks

both B and C are correct

23. The most effective prevention programs are aimed at children in:

the earliest stages of life

preschool and kindergarten

run-down neighborhoods

early Head Start program

24. The numerous early prevention programs conducted since the 1970’s have concluded that:

children are active learners and that they are better equipped to enter kindergarten

prevention is more effective among females

all crime prevention programs need to target the lower-class

early intervention in prenatal care improves child development and decreases risk factors

25. A _____ approach to the drug problem involves using a public health model to reduce the risks and consequences of using illicit drugs.



harm reduction

resistance education


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