Oceanography Final Essay Questions

  • 2 essay questionworth 10 points each. Essay questions are posted here so that you can prepare your response in advance of opening the exam. Essays should be answered in your own words and in complete sentences and in several well-written paragraphs. Answers copied and pasted (plagiarized) into the essay from ANY online, book, or other source will result in a zero on the ENTIRE exam. Essay questions will account for 20 points on your final exam; prepare a complete response that fully demonstrates your understanding of the concepts.
    • Marine life in our oceans must adapt to harsh ocean conditions (darkness, cold, changing salinities, etc.) as well as human influences. Please choose ONE of the following oceanic ecosystems, and outline its physical characteristics and its marine life. Then, discuss how the life in that ecosystem has adapted to the environmental conditions it must live within. Finally, discuss at least one way that humans are impacting the ecosystem you chose, and the effects of human impact to marine life there. (Choices of biozones: Coral Reefs, Rocky Intertidal Coasts, Salt Marshes, Mangrove Swamps, Kelp Forests, Deep Sea Hydrothermal Vents, The Open Sea, Sandy Beaches)
    • Climate change is a real, and significant, issue for the Earth’s oceans. What causes climate to change? Discuss both natural and anthropogenic causes for climate change. Then, list and describe at least four of the observed changes in the world’s oceans as a function of climatic changes. Include both the cause, and the effects, of each observed change. Next, discuss at least one way to mitigate or adapt to each of the changes you list. Finally, detail ways in which you can reduce your personal contribution to greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere.

You are given the possible essay questions at the end of this page; you should prepare your essay responses in advance of the final, and copy and paste them into the exam from a Word document.


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