Prevention Of Catheter Infection In Hospitalized Patients


Prevention Of Catheter Infection In Hospitalized Patients

Guidelines for the Formal Paper


The purpose of this paper is to describe a clinical nursing problem, report on the current research literature as it relates to the problem, and recommend the best nursing practice based on that research. As an evidence-based approach utilizing research, the recommendation must be grounded in empirical data (research) rather than expert opinion, secondary sources, or existing standards of practice. The clinical nursing problem must be an issue that is significant interest to the nursing profession or has an impact on nursing care.


Format : Papers not in APA format (including grammar, spelling, punctuation, citations, and references) will be returned for revisions before grading. Five percent will be subtracted per day taken to revise paper.


Target audience: This paper should be written for your peers and professional Registered Nurses. Your outcomes should be directed at the professional nurse.


Layout of the paper: The title page is page one. The references page is the last page. The length of the body of the paper (not including the title and reference page) is to be a minimum of 3 pages. Use headings and subheadings (APA style) as necessary.



Sections of the paper:


Title page


Introduction (note that in APA format this section has no heading)

Explain the clinical nursing problem.

· Justify why it is an important issue.

· Include purpose of this literature review and PICO question.


Literature review (constitutes the majority of the paper)

· Organize concepts into a logical framework that helps the reader understand the state of research about the issue.

· All four of the required research articles must be discussed in the literature review. The elements of the critique for each research article must include but is not limited to authors (in APA style), date of publication (APA style), purpose of the study, description of method, design, sample size and sampling procedures. Also include a discussion of the results of each study.

· The writer should compare and contrast the individual studies.

· Paraphrase sources. The use of direct quotes is rarely necessary and points will be deducted for overuse.


Recommendation for nursing practice (1-2 paragraphs)

· Summarize the literature review. Compare and contrast the articles describing similarities and difference in the findings.

· Specifically, state what nurses should do to practice in an evidence-based manner utilizing the current research that is available about the problem (Think: what are the three components of EBP?).

· The recommendation section presents the implications of the research findings in application to clinical practice. It may include a discussion of what is and is not known about the phenomena of interest. Present a best practice recommendation based on the literature selected for this paper.



· The conclusion presents a summary of the problem, the results of the literature review, and proposed best practice. Identify recommendations for further research relevant to the topic.



· Include at least four primary source research articles from refereed professional nursing journals (or have at least one nursing author), of which at least one is a quantitative study and at least one is a qualitative study

· Preferably from the United States (a few may be from outside the U.S. with permission from faculty)

· All research articles must have been published within the last six years.

· All sources listed on the References page must be cited in the body of the paper.

· All sources that are cited in the body of the paper must be listed on the References page


Edited Written Standard English (ESWE): The writer will generally use ESWE forms of grammar, punctuation, spelling, and syntax. It is expected that there will be no more than an average of two departures per page in any combination of the following areas: Sentence boundary punctuation, spelling and typos, use of apostrophe and plural (‘s vs es). The writer avoids using incorrect verb tense and incorrect agreement between subject-verb. Proper sentence sense is maintained throughout the document. Use of pronouns is prohibited in APA style.


Plagiarism: A paper containing plagiarism or that does not conform to the instructions will be returned unread with a score of zero. If the student has a prior occurrence of plagiarism within Kramer School of Nursing, the student will receive a score of zero for the course regardless of performance on other course components.








Grading criteria


Introduction, search process, conclusion, & PICO statement *Writer selected a worthwhile clinical topic and makes a good case for its relevance to nursing practice. The writer chooses relevant and valuable research articles.

· Clear & concise; has logical flow; Gives clear picture of the purpose of the paper. Discusses the relevance of the research to nursing. The PICO statement is well defined. Key words, databases, and searching techniques are clearly outlined. Conclusions are supported and consistent with the research. (max: 40)


Critique of studies (Lit Review)

Systematic and complete; all elements of each study are present.. The research is paraphrased without excessive use of quotes. (max: 50)


Relevance/ Recommendations for practice *Appropriate recommendations are made based on critical analysis of the cited studies.

· Paper follows APA designated guidelines with all required components. No APA errors in any section. All citations match references and have correct format. All references are correctly cited in paper. (max: 30).


Grammar and Construction

· Paper contains less than 2 grammatical errors per page. Language is clear, precise, succinct, and professional without slang, jargon, or bias (max: 20).


Currency of Sources

· All research articles are recent (<6 years), relevant, and from nursing journals (or authors). The literature review is comprised of only research articles that are primary sources (max: 20).


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