Public policy is a

Public policy is a

set of laws that citizens directly vote on nationwide

program that must benefit all people to become a law

government action at any level that addresses a problem

list of laws from each state that conflict with one another

Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 02.05 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.7, ss.912.c.3.11=””>

While the Bill of Rights protects individual rights, the

elastic clause allows Congress to make laws that could lead to limits in order to protect the common good

elastic clause gives Congress the power to make laws only in emergency situations that could limit rights

fourth article of the Constitution protects the rights of groups, which could conflict with individual rights

fourth article of the Constitution describes states’ rights, which include restricting rights as necessary

Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Policy and Elections 03.05 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.13>

© 2012 AP Images

In this 2003 photograph, President Bush tells the public that the major combat efforts in Iraq are over. The photo portrays him as

an advocate for continuing to increase troops sent to bring and maintain democracy to foreign countries

a failed policymaker and leader of the armed forces since soldiers would still remain in foreign countries

a supporter of the armed forces and successful military leader through the location and banner above him

a leader who is out of touch with the people and especially members of the armed forces serving overseas

Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Policy and Elections 03.05 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.12>

Which of the following statements is true about the Internet?

Its regulations have decreased over time so that greater numbers of people can use it for illegal purposes.

It has expanded from a source of static information to a meeting place used to organize political events.

Its role has remained limited to providing facts about elected officials and laws at various levels of government.

It was designed to be a forum for social and political change but is now used almost exclusively for entertainment.

Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.04 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.10>

Which of the following cases sets a precedent that segregation laws were unconstitutional in the United States?

Texas v. Johnson

Plessy v. Ferguson

Gideon v. Wainwright

Brown v. Board of Education

Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 4 points)

(Policy and Elections 03.05 HC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.13>

“Our aim is a democratic peace, a peace founded upon the dignity and rights of every man and woman.”—President Bush, 2004 State of the Union

The image below represents Theodore Roosevelt, president from 1901 to 1909, known for the phrase “speak softly and carry a big stick.”

Which of the following is a valid statement about the artist’s judgment in the image compared to the quote? Address

© 2012 Jupiterimages Corporation

President Roosevelt was a much tougher leader than President Bush, who clearly was unwilling to go to war.

President Bush was a much tougher leader than President Roosevelt, who clearly was unwilling to go to war.

President Roosevelt was willing to trample on human rights to win wars, while President Bush would not.

President Bush was willing to trample on human rights to win wars, while President Roosevelt would not.

Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 02.03 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.1.3>

Bills of rights “have no application to constitutions professedly founded upon the power of the people, and executed by their immediate representatives and servants. Here, in strictness, the people surrender nothing, and as they retain everything, they have no need of particular reservations.”–Alexander Hamilton, Federalist No. 84

Hamilton argues in this quote that

a list of rights in the Constitution is unnecessary because the government’s power is already limited

a list of rights should be added to the Constitution before the state legislatures vote whether to ratify

representatives of the people should have the task of determining protections for individual rights

people should choose their representatives and other leaders very carefully to protect their rights

Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Policy and Elections 03.01 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.3>

In the 1930s, Senator Long read recipes from a cookbook for 15 hours during a Senate debate. His action is an example of

a cloture

a filibuster

apportionment

legislation

Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Policy and Elections 03.01 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.3>

What happens if the Senate and House of Representatives pass two different bills on the same topic?

Congress will meet with the president to agree on one or the other bill.

The conference committee will meet and resolve the bills’ differences.

The Senate version of the bill will take precedence and go to the president.

Advisors to the president will meet with the sponsors of the proposed bills.

Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 02.05 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.6>

School districts in the United States sometimes capture media attention when people in the community challenge the books assigned to students for instruction. These debates relate to the

First Amendment

Second Amendment

Fifth Amendment

Eighth Amendment

Question 11 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 01.01 LC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.1>

Under the Rule of Law,

the creators of the law must follow it, but those against it do not have to

people who object to the laws can apply for exemptions from it

everyone, including government officials, must abide by the laws

government officials are exempt from punishment under the law

Question 12 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 01.01 LC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.1>

Limited government means that the power of

elected officials has no limits

voters has extensive limits

elected officials has limits

voters has no limits

Question 13 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.01 LC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.6>

Decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court

prevent legislation from proceeding

require federal legislation changes

may be appealed to a higher court

are final and may not be appealed

Question 14 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Policy and Elections 03.06 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.g.4.1>

Public Domain

Which of the following could be a logical conclusion based on the map?

Because of the 2010 Census results, states in the South and West gained representation in Congress.

Because of the 2010 Census results, states in the South and West lost representation in Congress.

Because of the 2000 Census results, states in the South and West gained representation in Congress.

Because of the 2000 Census results, states in the South and West lost representation in Congress.

Question 15 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.01 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.9>

Which of the following is true about responsibility in the U.S. Court system?

State courts handle most criminal and civil trials, whereas federal courts address constitutional law and appeals from state courts of last resort.

State courts handle constitutional law, but only the federal courts can make new laws based on their interpretations.

State courts handle appeals from the federal district courts, and federal district courts handle appeals from state courts as a check on the power of the courts.

State courts handle local trial courts and most cases though the federal court has authority to select certain cases to hear.

Question 16 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.01 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.9>

Which type of court would hear the appeal of a state-level supreme decision?

state district court

U.S. Supreme Court

state appellate court

U.S. Court of Appeals

Question 17 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.05 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.4.4>

© 2012 Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0

Which of the following makes a true statement about the relationship between GDP and democratization?

GDP and democratization tend to rise and fall together. You would expect most countries in North America to have lower levels of democracy than those of Asia.

GDP and democratization tend to rise and fall together. You would expect most countries in North American to have greater levels of democracy than those of Asia.

As GDP decreases, democratization tends to increase, and vice versa. You would expect most countries in North America to have lower levels of democracy than those of Asia.

As GDP decreases, democratization tends to increase, and vice versa. You would expect most countries in North American to have greater levels of democracy than those of Asia.

Question 18 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.02 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.8>

Sue and Tim are arguing about the value of appointing rather than electing federal judges. Sue says the judges should be elected. Which of the following statements supports her position?

Judges in most federal court positions are elected so it should be the same way at the state and local level as well.

Judges are representatives of the people in government just like other officials and should represent majority will.

Judges who are elected will make their decisions in isolation from people’s opinion and perform better as a result.

Judges that consult with other federal officials on the will of the people do not consider the law in their decisions.

Question 19 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.02 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.8>

The role of a judge is different from other federal officials because a judge

bases decisions on the will of the people while other officials base decisions on the law

bases decisions on the law while other officials base decisions on the will of the people

consults other federal officials on the intent of the laws before making a case decision

consults other federal officials on the will of the people before making a case decision

Question 20 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 01.02 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.1>

Thalina wishes to become a U.S. citizen. Which of the following is true?

The first thing she must do is complete a test on the country’s history and government.

Once she has sworn an oath of loyalty she can then be interviewed for naturalization.

She must be a legal resident for five years before she can apply for naturalization.

After she applies for naturalization, she can apply for a permanent residency visa.

Question 21 (Multiple Choice Worth 4 points)

(Citizenship 02.05 HC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.6>

“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”–First Amendment, U.S. Constitution

Which of the following possible court cases could be argued under the terms of the quote above?

a person sues the city for denying a permit to hold a holiday parade.

a person refuses to serve the military when called up through a draft.

a person shoots and kills someone who broke into the family’s home.

a person rejects police requests to unlock the car doors and windows.

Question 22 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Policy and Elections 03.06 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.16>

© 2012 FLVS

According to this graph, eligible voters are most likely to vote in

midterm elections, and their turnout has increased in the last election

midterm elections, and their turnout has decreased in the last election

presidential elections, and their turnout has increased in the last election

presidential elections, and their turnout has decreased in the last election

Question 23 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Policy and Elections 03.03 LC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.5>

The regulatory agency responsible for regulating and supervising medical devices and cosmetics is the

Federal Communications Commission

U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Federal Reserve System

U.S. Postal Service

Question 24 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.01 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.6>

Public Domain

U.S. Circuit 9 by law has

only one Court of Appeals

at least one Court of Appeals

a U.S. Supreme Court branch

an appellate court in each state

Question 25 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.01 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.6>

© 2012 FLVS

People involved in cases that are accepted by the U.S. Supreme Court

must travel to the U.S. Court of Appeals for their circuit

must travel to Washington D.C. to present their cases

present their cases in the closest U.S. Circuit Court

present their cases in the state court of last resort

Question 26 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 02.02 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.1.3>

“The United States in Congress assembled shall never engage in a war, nor grant letters of marque or reprisal in time of peace, nor enter into any treaties or alliances,… unless nine States assent to the same. Nor shall a question on any other point be determined, unless by the votes of the majority of the United States in Congress assembled.”–Articles of Confederation

The restrictions placed on the federal government shown in this quote best reflect the principle of

popular sovereignty

limited government

social contract

natural rights

Question 27 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.04 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.9>

The 14th amendment has continued to extend civil liberties because the

state governments have used their own amendment processes to add its language to their state constitutions

state governments have used the powers of legislation and policy making to circumvent the rights of citizens

courts and lawmakers continue to further refine and restrict the definitions of legal citizenship and residency

courts have interpreted it in many cases to mean that state governments must also guarantee certain rights

Question 28 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 02.04 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.2>

“New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress.”–U.S. Constitution

Which of the following is true based on this quote?

The power to make new states is a concurrent power.

The power to join states together is a reserved power.

The power to make new states is a delegated power.

The power to join states together is an implied power.

Question 29 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.05 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.g.5.5>

© 2012 FLVS

According to this map, which of the following countries is most likely to have policies and regulations related to the production and consumption of coal?

Guatemala

Madagascar

Saudi Arabia

United States

Question 30 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 02.03 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.1.4>

“The proposed Constitution divides the powers of government equally between the central government and the state governments.”

Which of the following best describes this quote?

It represents the perspective of a Federalist, arguing for a strong centralized government.

It represents the perspective of a Federalist, arguing for a weak centralized government.

It represents the perspective of an Anti-Federalist, arguing for a strong central government.

It represents the perspective of a Anti-Federalist, arguing for a weak central government.

Question 31 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.05 LC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.4.1>

A country with a government described as an oligarchy would

be run by a small group of leaders with similar political views

conduct regular elections to select representative officials

have a single ruler who may be a monarch or dictator

determine its policies with significant citizen input

Question 32 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 02.04 LC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.14>

A “concurrent” power is

expressed to national and state governments

implied to belong only to state governments

reserved only to the national government

shared by national and state governments

Question 33 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 02.02 LC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.15>

Which of the following is a true statement about the Constitution?

It distributes power among three branches of government.

It has a president who heads three branches of government.

It imparts authority on tax policies to the state governments.

It gives supreme authority to the separate state governments.

Question 34 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 01.01 LC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.1>

Which of the following is an example of government affecting citizens’ daily lives?

Deer appear each afternoon to graze in the local park.

Two neighbors discuss whether to buy a lawn service.

A new on-ramp to the highway is under construction.

A soccer coach encourages his players to run during the off season.

Question 35 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Policy and Elections 03.06 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.14>

© 2012 AP Images

The 2000 presidential election recount in Florida went on for weeks because

too many people were allowed to examine and discuss each ballot

some counties used ballots that were difficult for workers to interpret

the courts refused to make a ruling on the election to stop the process

a recount in another state caused officials to question the voting system

Question 36 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 01.02 LC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.1>

The two major ways a person can become a legal U.S. citizen are

jus soli or jus sanguinis

birth or naturalization

application or an oath

education or working

Question 37 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 02.01 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.1.2, ss.912.c.1.3=””>

“That whenever any form of government becomes destructive to these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness.”–Declaration of Independence

Under what principle of government do the people have the right described in this quote?

natural rights

social contract

popular sovereignty

limited government

Question 38 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 02.01 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.1.2, ss.912.c.1.3=””>

“The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States.”–Declaration of Independence

The “injuries and usurpations” described in this quote are the colonists’

proof that the king violated the principles of limited government, social contract, and natural rights

descriptions of actions that follow the principles of limited government, social contract, and natural rights

reasons they should have representation in Britain under the principles of popular sovereignty and individual rights

arguments for why they would rather not separate from Britain under the principles of popular sovereignty and individual rights

Question 39 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Policy and Elections 03.04 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.15>

From the list below, the most direct way an individual can influence public policy is to

sign up for an interest group

belong to a political party

vote on proposed laws

organize a fundraiser

Question 40 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Policy and Elections 03.04 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.15>

One way individuals can increase their individual influence on public policy is to

volunteer to work at the polls and record votes for an election

attend meetings of local government councils and committees

become an active member of a political party or interest group

follow the laws and report those who violate them to authorities

Question 41 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 02.02 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.1.5>

An example of an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that shows the principle of federalism is how the

26th Amendment allows 18-year-old citizens to vote in state and national elections

10th Amendment reserves rights to the states not assigned to the national government

16th Amendment allows the federal government to collect income taxes from individuals

First Amendment prevents states from taking away any of the people’s rights to free speech

Question 42 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.02 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.7>

What is the role of judicial review in American government?

It provides the executive and legislative branches with another check on the powers of the judicial branch.

It allows the federal courts to review proposed legislation and possible executive actions for potential issues.

It gives the courts the power to invalidate any federal or state law that they believe violates the Constitution.

It interprets the vague language of the Constitution, which allows the document to survive changes in society.

Question 43 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.02 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.7>

The minority opinion of a decided case

is the official explanation for the final ruling that will apply to the case

is unnecessary unless the power of judicial review has been employed

expresses the justification for a dissenting opinion of one or more judges

supports the ruling of the majority but rationalizes it with different reasons

Question 44 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.06 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.4.3>

Events such as the Nanking Massacre and Japanese-American internment

rights heightened concerns regarding the continuation of human rights abuses by developed nations

solidified a country’s right to act to protect its own security

demonstrated regard for the protection of human rights

caused little concern as they were considered isolated incidents

Question 45 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Policy and Elections 03.03 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.4>

The phrase, “shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment” is from the U.S. Constitution. It describes the power of the

legislative branch to remove officials from office

president to remove federal officials from office

legislative branch to forgive crimes of officials

president to forgive crimes of federal officials

Question 46 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.06 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.4.2>

Which foreign policy position is reflected in the working relationship between the United States and Mexico to fight the illegal drug trade?

imperialism

isolationism

interventionism

diplomacy

Question 47 (Essay Worth 10 points)

(Citizenship 02.05 HC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.4>Imagine that people from around your state camp out in the state capital’s public parks and organize protests against the state government. Police and city workers are complaining about the mess and threat to public safety caused by the protestors. Discuss whether you think any limitations to their activities would be reasonable and why. Include an explanation of how the situation relates to at least one amendment in the Bill of Rights.

Question 48 (Essay Worth 10 points)

(Citizenship 01.03 HC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.2, ss.912.c.2.8=””>

In 2012, a filmmaker posted a video online about the plight of child soldiers in Africa. It became a “viral video,” attracting thousands of watchers around the world. Is this type of activity important in U.S. political and civic life? Explain your response and give at least two additional examples of how a person can participate in a democratic society.

Question 49 (Essay Worth 10 points)

(Citizenship 02.03 HC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.1.1>

“What is government itself but the greatest of all reflections on human nature? If men were angels, no government would be necessary.”–James Madison

In at least two paragraphs, discuss the meaning of this quote in relation to one of the following principles–limited government, natural rights, separation of powers, or rule of law.

Question 50 (Essay Worth 10 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.04 HC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.10>

In a well-written paragraph, describe how a landmark Supreme Court case extended civil liberties. Choose one of the following cases: Gideon v. Wainwright, Texas v. Johnson, orMapp v. Ohio.

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