Research and Evidence Based Nursing Practice

Submit the following draft sections of your paper in APA format (7th Edition).             Choose anything that interest you and help to answer your PICO(T) question. It should include the following

  1.         1. Title page
  2.          2. Abstract
  3.          3. Introduction
  4.          4.  Clinical Issue
  5.          5.  Search Process
  6.           6. Appraisal of Evidence
  7.            7. Summary of Practice Change
  8.            8.  Conclusion
  9.            9.   References
  10.            10. Appendices (only if they add value to paper!) 

NOTE:

  • Be sure all grammar, formatting, in-text citations, and references are in correct APA format  download(7th Ed).
  • Use the grading rubric  downloadto ensure all required information is included in each section of your paper
    paper.docx

     

     

    N371 – Research & Evidence Based Nursing Practice

    Criteria for Evidence Review Paper: Required Elements of the Paper

     

    I. Title page:

    In header Page number and running head

    Title, author’s name, and university affiliation

     

    II. Abstract:

    The abstract is a single paragraph in block format (without paragraph indentation) and should be between 150 and 250 words. Succinctly describe your entire paper; you will need to determine which elements are the most important. Structure the abstract in the same order as your paper. Be sure to understand the difference between the abstract (a summary of the paper) and the introduction (an introduction to the paper).

     

    III. Introduction:** (Limit section to no more than 1/2 page)

    ** This is not a level heading in APA

    · Describe the clinical issue, purpose and rationale of the paper.

     

    · Acquaint the reader with the background and significance of the clinical issue. The introduction should start out broad to establish the framework for understanding the evidence review then narrowing to the specifics and actual innovative clinical decision based on evidence (the recommendation/conclusion from your evidence).

     

    · Discuss what this paper is going to be about and what can the reader expect to learn about in this paper.

     

    · The introduction should grab the reader’s attention.

     

    IV. Body of the paper:

     

    Clinical Issue: (Limit section to no more than 1-2 pages )

    · Identify the clinical issue/problem

     

    · Presents a compelling overview of the relevance of the healthcare issue; the PICOT question; the significance of the issue e.g. why is this question important to you? Or why did you decided to use this question?

     

    · Discuss why the clinical issue is significant to nursing, patient outcomes, and quality healthcare. (Items to consider: is there a safety or risk concern; are there unsatisfactory patient outcomes; are there wide variations in practice; are there financial concerns; is the clinical concern a time waster; is a quality of care concern?).

     

    · Put the PICOT question in the form of a sentence using the PICOT template.

     

    · Transition to next section.

     

    Sources and Search Process: (Limit section to no more than 1 page )

    ** Screen shots of searches can be used and placed in appendices to enhance the written description of the searches completed. Print Screens can capture keyword combination and outcomes of searches.

     

    · Identify sources of evidence used. Discuss the reason for choosing them.

     

    · Describe the search strategies used to uncover the evidence: keywords, combinations, and limits (inclusion/exclusion criteria) used for each search and outcomes of each search.

     

    · Include number of articles produced from the search and number of articles used to answer your PICOT question.

     

    · Transition to next section.

     

    Appraisal of the Evidence: (Limit section to no more than 5 pages )

    This section is not about discussing each study individually. Tables to enhance the written work can be used and placed in appendices.

    It is to:

    · Evaluate the foundation of research and internal evidence influencing the clinical issue. Discuss the overall strength of the evidence in terms of level of evidence, the validity of the evidence and the confidence to act on the evidence.

     

    · Statement of the research problem(s) or purpose, research question(s) or hypotheses, study variable, study goals, objectives or aims. Where they related to the problem?

     

    · Literature reviews – did they provide a rationale and direction for the studies?

     

    · Statement of the theoretical framework if present.

     

    · Statement of the research design(s). Were they appropriate to the study? Why or why not? Level of evidence?

     

    · Description of the sample(s), populations and setting

     

    · Brief description of the measurement methods used in each study

     

    · Brief description of procedure(s) (data collection and analysis)

     

    · Interpretation of findings: Statement of the study findings, strengths and limitations – collectively

     

    · Statement of the significance of the findings for nursing – collectively

     

    · Relevant ideas for future research or implementing findings in practice discussed

     

    Summary of Practice Change: (Limit section to no more than 1 page )

     

    · What practice change is warranted? E.g. what does the evidence tell you to do? Findings that flow from the evidence not a restatement of the findings of the studies.

     

    · This section reflects why this is clinical issue needs to be investigated; discusses the overall strength of the evidence in terms of level of evidence, and quality indicator or national patient safety goals and your next steps.

     

    Conclusion: ( No more than 1/2 page )

     

    The conclusion emphasizes important points, and demonstrates the possibilities for future exploration of the clinical issue and practice change. Although the conclusion should include a restatement of your clinical issue, it should not simply restate the points you made in your paper; the conclusion should enhance to the reader’s understanding the impact of this clinical issue, on nursing, patient outcome(s) and quality healthcare.

     

    Reference List: In proper APA 7th Edition Format.

     

    APA Formatting: Use level headings to separate the sections of the paper. Proper use of in-text citations, and writing style. DO NOT use I, me or my to describe yourself on the paper. It should be written in the third person.

     

    Appendices: Use of Appendices to enhance the written work. Screen shots of searches and/or tables in the critical appraisal section can be used.

     

    Page Limit: Not to exceed 10 pages; this 10 page limit does not include the title page, appendices and the reference page(s).

     

    Font and Margins: Calibri (preferred) or Times New Roman, 12 point font with 1 inch margins

     

     

     

     

    NUR 371 Research & Evidence Based Nursing Practice Page 3

     

    NUR 371: Rubric for Evidence Review Paper

     

    Total Possible Score 40 points

    Student Name: Total Score:

    This section has no points: It is to clarify the scoring for the categories. Describes the intellectual standards for writing. Paper meets criteria in an exemplary manor. Well organized, clearly articulated, of sufficient depth /detailed for reader to understand the discussion; flows logically for reader to follow discussion; demonstrates original and creative thinking, information is accurate and relevant; paragraphs have a topic sentence and supporting sentences; paragraph transitions are present and flow smoothly; examples support argument and enhance clarity are accurate and relevant; sufficiently supported with references. Few grammatical and spelling errors. Paper meets criteria with minimal problems with organization, clarity of thought, good paragraph and/or sentence structure; often demonstrates original thinking; information is accurate and relevant; provides modest support for argument and positions taken; paragraphs have a topic sentence and supporting sentences; paragraph transitions present; occasional grammatical and spelling errors. Paper is meets the criteria, but has problems with lack of organization, clarity of thought, good paragraph and/or sentence structure. Demonstrates some original thinking and support for positions taken; information is rarely inaccurate and irrelevant; paragraphs frequently have a topic sentence and supporting sentences; paragraph transitions are occasionally missing; occasional grammatical and spelling errors. Paper lacks clarity, is not well organized or lacks logical flow of thoughts; does not thoroughly address criteria; few references used to support any discussion or argument; information is inaccurate and irrelevant; paragraphs often lack a topic sentence and supporting sentences; paragraph transitions are missing; excessive use of passive voice. Numerous grammatical and spelling errors.

     

    SECTION I: Score: To be used for the Eight sections below: (Max Total = 28 points) 4 3.75 3.5 3.0
    Abstract:

    The abstract is a single paragraph in block format (without paragraph indentation) and should be between 150 and 250 words. Succinctly describe your entire paper; you will need to determine which elements are the most important. Structure the abstract in the same order as your paper. Be sure to understand the difference between the abstract (a summary of the paper) and the introduction (an introduction to the paper).

    Abstract in APA format and is a summary of the paper.

     

     

     

     

     

    Meets 150 -250 word limit (rare error).

    Abstract in APA format and is a summary of the paper.

     

     

     

     

    Meets 150 -250 word limit (<3 errors).

    Abstract in APA format but lacks organization and is more of an introduction to the paper.

     

     

    Exceeds 150 -250 word limit

    (< 6 errors).

    Abstract is more of an introduction, is vague, and too long (> 250 words).

     

     

    Grammar, spelling and punctuation

    (> 6 errors)

    Introduction: (no more than 1/2 page)

    ** This is not a level heading in APA

    · Describe the clinical issue, purpose and rationale of the paper.

     

    · Acquaint the reader with the background and significance of the clinical issue. The introduction should start out broad to establish the framework for understanding the evidence review then narrowing to the specifics and actual innovative clinical decision based on evidence (the recommendation/conclusion from your evidence).

     

     

    · Discuss what this paper is going to be about and what can the reader expect to learn about in this paper.

     

    · The introduction should grab the reader’s attention.

    Introduction is clear, logical and relevant to the issue. The introduction presented is creative and catches the interest of the reader.

     

     

    Appropriate grammar, spelling and punctuation (rare error).

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Mets page criteria

    Introduction presents the issue clearly; it is creative and offers relevant and logical support for the topic.

     

     

    Occasional grammar, spelling and punctuation (< 3 errors).

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Mets page criteria

    Introduction presents the issue, but lacks creativity and strong support for the topic.

     

     

     

     

     

    Occasional grammar, spelling and punctuation (< 6 errors).

     

     

     

     

     

    Did not met page criteria (more or less than)

     

    Broad, general, vague, disorganized.

     

    Grammar, spelling and punctuation (> 5 errors).

     

     

    Provided no details on why this clinical issue is significant to nursing, patient outcomes or quality healthcare.

     

    Did not meet page criteria (more or less than)

    Clinical Issue (no more than 1-2 pages)

    · Identify the clinical issue/problem

     

    · Presents a compelling overview of the relevance of the healthcare issue; the PICOT question; the significance of the issue e.g. why is this question important to you? Or why did you decided to use this question?

     

    · Discuss why the clinical issue is significant to nursing, patient outcomes, and quality healthcare. (Items to consider: is there a safety or risk concern; are there unsatisfactory patient outcomes; are there wide variations in practice; are there financial concerns; is the clinical concern a time waster; is a quality of care concern?).

     

    · Put the PICOT question in the form of a sentence using the PICOT template.

     

    · Transition to next section.

    All elements of clinical issue/problem are addressed.

     

    The presentation of the background and significance of the clinical issue is accurate, clear, of sufficient depth and is supported with references.

    Provided a detailed and clear discussion of why the clinical issue is significant to nursing, patient outcome and quality healthcare.

     

    PICOT formatted correctly.

    Appropriate grammar, spelling and punctuation (rare error)

    Met page criteria

    All elements of clinical issue/problem are accurate, clear, and supported with references. It frequently demonstrates independent, original, and creative thinking.

    PICOT question in correct format.

     

     

     

    Appropriate grammar, spelling and punctuation (< 3 errors)

     

     

     

     

     

    Met page limit criteria

    All elements of clinical issue/problem accurate, but sometimes lacks clarity and support from references. It demonstrates some independent, original, and creative thinking.

    PICOT question lacks clarity and not in proper format

     

     

    Appropriate grammar, spelling and punctuation (< 6 errors)

     

     

     

     

    Did not met page criteria (more or less than)

    Section reflects lack of understanding of the issue and/or development of a relevant PICOT question.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Grammar, spelling and punctuation (> 5 errors)

     

     

     

     

    Did not meet page criteria

    Sources and Search Process: ( no more than 1 page )

    · Identify sources of evidence used. Discuss the reason for choosing them.

     

    · Describe the search strategies used to uncover the evidence: keywords, combinations, and limits (inclusion/exclusion criteria) used for each search and outcomes of each search.

     

    · Include number of articles produced from the search and number of articles used to answer your PICOT question.

     

    · Transition to next section.

     

     

    The presentation of the search demonstrates appropriate sources of evidence and thorough search strategies. Elements of the search strategy are clearly identified and accurate. Use of appropriate keywords.

     

    The outcome of the search in terms of number of papers found is clearly identified.

     

     

    Appropriate grammar, spelling and punctuation (rare error)

     

    Met page limit criteria

    All elements of sources and search process are accurate, clear, and supported with references. It frequently demonstrates independent, original, and creative thinking.

     

    Elements of the search strategy are clearly identified and accurate. Use of appropriate keywords.

     

    The outcome of the search in terms of number of papers found is clearly identified.

     

    Appropriate grammar, spelling and punctuation (< 3 errors)

     

    Met page limit criteria

     

     

    All elements of sources and search process are accurate, but sometimes lacks clarity and support from references. It demonstrates some independent, original, and creative thinking.

     

    Elements of the search strategy are not clearly identified and accurate. Limited use of keywords.

     

     

    The outcomes of the search in terms of number of papers found are not clearly identified.

     

    Appropriate grammar, spelling and punctuation (< 6 errors)

    Did not met page criteria (more or less than)

    The presentation of the search process is superficial, vague, and incomplete or is irrelevant to the issue. Lacks screen prints of the search strategy or other required elements. Presentation reflects lack of knowledge of searching.

     

     

     

     

    Grammar, spelling and punctuation (> 5 errors)

     

    Did not meet page criteria

    Appraisal of the Evidence: ( no more than 5 pages )

    This section is not about discussing each study individually.

    It is to:

    · Evaluate the foundation of research and internal evidence influencing the clinical issue. Discuss the overall strength of the evidence in terms of level of evidence, the validity of the evidence and the confidence to act on the evidence.

     

    · Statement of the research problem(s) or purpose, research question(s) or hypotheses, study variable, study goals, objectives or aims. Where they related to the problem?

     

    · Literature reviews – did they provide a rationale and direction for the studies?

     

    · Statement of the theoretical framework if present.

     

    · Statement of the research design(s). Were they appropriate to the study? Why or why not? Level of evidence?

     

    · Description of the sample(s), populations and setting

     

    · Brief description of the measurement methods used in each study

     

    · Brief description of procedure(s) (data collection and analysis)

     

    · Interpretation of findings: Statement of the study findings, strengths and limitations – collectively

     

    · Statement of the significance of the findings for nursing – collectively

     

    · Relevant ideas for future research or implementing findings in practice discussed

    The appraisal of the evidence is clearly articulated and logically deduced from the research and evidence. It demonstrates independent, original, and creative thinking.

     

     

    Incorporated a discussion on the body of evidence as it relates to:

    Validity, Reliability and Applicability.

     

    Discussion of the overall strength was clear, in-depth, and accurate & captured the clinical decision that would be implemented.

     

    Interpretation of findings: Statement of the study findings, strengths and limitations are discussed collectively.

     

     

     

    Statements of the significance of the findings for nursing are discussed collectively.

     

     

     

     

    Section is supported by references.

     

     

     

    Appropriate grammar, spelling and punctuation (rare error)

     

     

     

    Met page limit criteria

    The appraisal of the evidence is clearly articulated and logically deduced from the research and evidence.

     

    Incorporated a discussion on the body of evidence as it relates to:

    Validity, Reliability and Applicability and demonstrates independent, original, and creative thinking.

     

    Section is supported by references.

     

     

    Interpretation of findings: Statement of the study findings, strengths and limitations are discussed collectively.

     

    Statements of the significance of the findings for nursing are discussed collectively.

     

     

    Section is supported minimal references.

     

     

    Appropriate grammar, spelling and punctuation (< 3 errors)

     

     

     

    Met page limit criteria

    The appraisal of the evidence is accurate, but sometimes lacks clarity and support from references. It demonstrates some independent, original, and creative thinking.

    Lacks the incorporation and discussion on the body of evidence as it relates to:

    Validity, Reliability and Applicability and demonstrates some original thought and support from references.

     

     

     

     

     

    Interpretation of findings: Statement of the study findings, strengths and limitations are discussed by each study individually not collectively.

    Statements of the significance of the findings for nursing by each study individually not collectively.

     

    Section lacks support by references.

     

     

     

    Appropriate grammar, spelling and punctuation (< 6 errors)

     

     

    Did not met page criteria (more or less than)

    The appraisal of the evidence is superficial, vague, and incomplete or is irrelevant to the issue.

     

    No discussion of studies

    Validity, Reliability and Applicability.

     

    Discussion reflects lack of knowledge of the evidence.

     

     

    Grammar, spelling and punctuation (> 5 errors)

     

    Did not meet the range of paper criteria for the section.

    Summary of Practice Change: (Limit section to no more than 1 page )

     

    · What practice change is warranted? E.g. what does the evidence tell you to do? Findings that flow from the evidence not a restatement of the findings of the studies.

     

    · This section reflects why this is clinical issue needs to be investigated; discusses the overall strength of the evidence in terms of level of evidence, and quality indicator or national patient safety goals and your next steps.

     

    The summary is clearly articulated, logical deduced from the paper and is of sufficient depth.

     

    Provides a detailed transition from appraisal to what practice change is warranted.

     

    Appropriate grammar, spelling and punctuation (rare error).

     

     

     

    Met page limit criteria

    The summary is clearly articulated, logical deduced from the paper, but lacks sufficient depth.

     

     

     

     

     

    Appropriate grammar, spelling and punctuation (< 3 errors).

     

     

     

     

    Met page limit criteria

    The summary is often clearly articulated, logical deduced from the paper, but lacks sufficient depth.

     

     

     

     

     

    Appropriate grammar, spelling and punctuation (< 6 errors).

     

     

     

    Did not met page criteria (more or less than)

    Summary is brief, lacks clarity and does not reflect content of the paper.

     

    No discussion on practice change.

     

     

     

    No discussion on EBP model for implementation.

     

    Grammar, spelling and punctuation (> 5 errors)

     

    Did not met page criteria

    Conclusion: ( No more than 1/2 page )

     

    The conclusion emphasizes important points, and demonstrates the possibilities for future exploration of the clinical issue and practice change. Although the conclusion should include a restatement of your clinical issue, it should not simply restate the points you made in your paper; the conclusion should enhance to the reader’s understanding the impact of this clinical issue, on nursing, patient outcome(s) and quality healthcare.

     

    The conclusion is orderly and is logically deducted from the paper and demonstrated the possibilities for future exploration of the clinical topic/issue/practice change. It is clearly articulated and of sufficient depth.

     

    Met page limit criteria

    The conclusion is orderly with minimal problems and is logically deducted from the paper and demonstrated the possibilities for future exploration of the clinical topic/issue/practice change.

     

    Met page limit criteria

    The conclusion lacks organization and clarity of thought. It is not logically deducted from the paper and does not demonstrate the possibilities for future exploration of the clinical topic/issue/practice change.

     

    Did not met page criteria (more or less than)

    Conclusion is brief, superficial or incomplete.

    Lacks logical deduction from the paper, and simply restates the points of the paper.

    Grammar, spelling and punctuation (> 5 errors)

    Did not meet page limit criteria.

     

    Total for Section I:

    Comments:

     

    SECTION II:

    Score: To be used for the six sections below (Max Total = 12 points)

    2 1.75 1.5 1.0
    APA

    Adheres to the rules of the 6th Edition APA Manual

    Rare APA error (i.e. avoiding bias, use of abbreviations etc…) (<3 errors)

     

    (<6 errors) (>5 errors)

     

    Title Page

    In header Running head and Page number only

     

    Title, author’s name, and university

    affiliation

    Title page in correct APA format

     

    Title Page in correct format

    (<3 errors)

     

    Title Page in correct format

    (<6 errors)

    Title page incorrect

    (>5 errors)

     

    References List in APA Format

     

    Rare error Most of the references reflect APA style

    (<3 errors)

    Many of the references reflect APA style

    (<6 errors)

    References do not adhere to APA

    (>5 errors)

     

    In-text citations in APA Format All in-text citations reflect APA style (rare error) Most of the in-text citations reflect APA style

    (<3 errors)

    Many of the in-text citations reflect APA style

    (<6errors)

    Does not credit appropriately using in-text citations and/or does not adhere to APA
    Appendices: Use of Appendices to enhance the written work. Screen shots of searches and/or tables in the critical appraisal section can be used. Provided appendices to enhance the written work. Provided appendices to enhance the written work. No appendices to enhance the written work. No appendices to enhance the written work.
    Page limit not including title page, reference list and appendices. 10 page limit met. 10 page limit met. 10 page limit met. Less than 10 pages.

    Total for Section II:

    Comments:

     

     

     

     

    NUR 371 Evidence Based Nursing Practice & Research Pag

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