The first functional division of the cerebral cortex is

Question 1

Moving toward the back of the head, the last area of the frontal lobe contains the _____

Select one:

a. visual cortex

b. sensory cortex

c. motor cortex

d. parietal lobe

Question 2

Much of what we know about left and right hemisphere specializations comes from the study of people who had split-brain surgery. This surgery _____

Select one:

a. splits the lobes of the brain apart.

b. severs the corpus callosum between hemispheres.

c. severs the nerves from the spinal cord to the right hemisphere.

d. severs the substantianigra between hemispheres.

Question 3

Neurotransmitters have distinct molecular shapes; so do the _____ they bind to.

Select one:

a. myelin sheaths

b. presynaptic neurons

c. vesicles

d. receptors

Question 4

Nora has had hearing defects since she was a child. She is now 43 and a new procedure to regenerate hair cells in the auditory canal has helped her to have those hearing defects corrected. What most likely occurred in Nora’s brain as a result?

Select one:

a. Not much; she was too old to have much brain plasticity.

b. Areas of her brain involved in sound perception changed noticeably.

c. Auditory signals were rerouted to the better functioning visual cortex.

d. Broca’s area had trouble interpreting all the new sounds.

Question 5

Our metabolism, the rate at which food is converted to energy, is controlled by a hormone released by the _____

Select one:

a. parathyroid.

b. adrenal glands.

c. pancreas.

d. thyroid.

Question 6

Pruning is _____

Select one:

a. a process that eliminates unnecessary and redundant synapses.

b. a medical procedure used to remove brain tumors.

c. the death of brain cells due to disease or damage.

d. the shortening of dendrites to make them more efficient.

Question 7

Psychology is _____

Select one:

a. a collection of theories that have yet to be tested out.

b. the scientific study of behavior and mental processes.

c. the study of supernatural phenomena.

d. just various forms of therapy.

Question 8

Research has shown that patients’ expectations of treatment effectiveness are affected by what a treatment provider is wearing. A white lab coat tends to increase their expectation of effectiveness. Sandra, a research assistant, had no preconceived ideas about her research project, but by chance she wore a white lab coat when working with experimental Group 1, but jeans and a t-shirt when working with experimental Group 2. This created a confounding variable. This confounding variable was a _____

Select one:

a. selection bias.

b. experimenter bias.

c. placebo effect.

d. random effect.

Question 9

Samuel still felt enraged hours after he was cut off on the highway, and he wanted to hit somebody. This may be because his _____ glands are still signaling his brain, maintaining this response to the earlier threat.

Select one:

a. thymus

b. sex

c. pineal

d. adrenal

Question 10

Sherrod sees himself as a thinker; he believes that his experience and behavior are shaped by how he perceives, thinks about, and remembers things. He would find a counselor who takes the _____ perspective most compatible with his beliefs.

Select one:

a. psychoanalytic

b. humanistic

c. cognitive

d. sociocultural

Question 11

Slightly above the ears, the _____ lobes contain the primary _____ cortex, which receives sound input from our ears.

Select one:

a. auditory; temporal

b. temporal; auditory

c. hearing; sound

d. parietal; sensory

Question 12

Speech sounds register first in the primary _____ cortex; they are then sent to _____ area where they are unscrambled into meaningful patterns of words.

Select one:

a. temporal; Broca’s

b. parietal; sensory

c. auditory; Wernicke’s

d. sensory; prefrontal

Question 13

The area of the brain primarily responsible for higher mental processes such as thinking and language is the cerebral _____

Select one:

a. callosum.

b. cortex.

c. cerebellum.

d. white matter.

Question 14

The entire group of interest to researchers and the group to which they want to generalize their findings is called the _____

Select one:

a. sample.

b. representative sample.

c. study group.

d. population.

Question 15

The first functional division of the cerebral cortex is _____

Select one:

a. front, top, side and back.

b. into lobes.

c. left and right sides.

d. cerebrum and limbic areas.

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