Moving toward the back of the head, the last area of the frontal lobe contains the _____
a. visual cortex
b. sensory cortex
c. motor cortex
d. parietal lobe
Much of what we know about left and right hemisphere specializations comes from the study of people who had split-brain surgery. This surgery _____
a. splits the lobes of the brain apart.
b. severs the corpus callosum between hemispheres.
c. severs the nerves from the spinal cord to the right hemisphere.
d. severs the substantianigra between hemispheres.
Neurotransmitters have distinct molecular shapes; so do the _____ they bind to.
a. myelin sheaths
b. presynaptic neurons
Nora has had hearing defects since she was a child. She is now 43 and a new procedure to regenerate hair cells in the auditory canal has helped her to have those hearing defects corrected. What most likely occurred in Nora’s brain as a result?
a. Not much; she was too old to have much brain plasticity.
b. Areas of her brain involved in sound perception changed noticeably.
c. Auditory signals were rerouted to the better functioning visual cortex.
d. Broca’s area had trouble interpreting all the new sounds.
Our metabolism, the rate at which food is converted to energy, is controlled by a hormone released by the _____
b. adrenal glands.
Pruning is _____
a. a process that eliminates unnecessary and redundant synapses.
b. a medical procedure used to remove brain tumors.
c. the death of brain cells due to disease or damage.
d. the shortening of dendrites to make them more efficient.
Psychology is _____
a. a collection of theories that have yet to be tested out.
b. the scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
c. the study of supernatural phenomena.
d. just various forms of therapy.
Research has shown that patients’ expectations of treatment effectiveness are affected by what a treatment provider is wearing. A white lab coat tends to increase their expectation of effectiveness. Sandra, a research assistant, had no preconceived ideas about her research project, but by chance she wore a white lab coat when working with experimental Group 1, but jeans and a t-shirt when working with experimental Group 2. This created a confounding variable. This confounding variable was a _____
a. selection bias.
b. experimenter bias.
c. placebo effect.
d. random effect.
Samuel still felt enraged hours after he was cut off on the highway, and he wanted to hit somebody. This may be because his _____ glands are still signaling his brain, maintaining this response to the earlier threat.
Sherrod sees himself as a thinker; he believes that his experience and behavior are shaped by how he perceives, thinks about, and remembers things. He would find a counselor who takes the _____ perspective most compatible with his beliefs.
Slightly above the ears, the _____ lobes contain the primary _____ cortex, which receives sound input from our ears.
a. auditory; temporal
b. temporal; auditory
c. hearing; sound
d. parietal; sensory
Speech sounds register first in the primary _____ cortex; they are then sent to _____ area where they are unscrambled into meaningful patterns of words.
a. temporal; Broca’s
b. parietal; sensory
c. auditory; Wernicke’s
d. sensory; prefrontal
The area of the brain primarily responsible for higher mental processes such as thinking and language is the cerebral _____
d. white matter.
The entire group of interest to researchers and the group to which they want to generalize their findings is called the _____
b. representative sample.
c. study group.
The first functional division of the cerebral cortex is _____
a. front, top, side and back.
b. into lobes.
c. left and right sides.
d. cerebrum and limbic areas.