TNT /DIC1/The Application of Data to Problem-Solving

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The Application of Data to Problem-Solving
In the modern era, there are few professions that do not to some extent rely on data. Stockbrokers rely on market data to advise clients on financial matters. Meteorologists rely on weather data to forecast weather conditions, while realtors rely on data to advise on the purchase and sale of property. In these and other cases, data not only helps solve problems, but adds to the practitioner’s and the discipline’s body of knowledge.

Of course, the nursing profession also relies heavily on data. The field of nursing informatics aims to make sure nurses have access to the appropriate date to solve healthcare problems, make decisions in the interest of patients, and add to knowledge.

In this Discussion, you will consider a scenario that would benefit from access to data and how such access could facilitate both problem-solving and knowledge formation.

To Prepare:

Reflect on the concepts of informatics and knowledge work as presented in the Resources.
Consider a hypothetical scenario based on your own healthcare practice or organization that would require or benefit from the access/collection and application of data. Your scenario may involve a patient, staff, or management problem or gap.

Write a description of the focus of your scenario. Describe the data that could be used and how the data might be collected and accessed. What knowledge might be derived from that data? How would a nurse leader use clinical reasoning and judgment in the formation of knowledge from this experience?

RUBRIC
Excellent
Main Posting
45 (45%) – 50 (50%)
Answers all parts of the discussion question(s) expectations with reflective critical analysis and synthesis of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources.

Supported by at least three current, credible sources.

Written clearly and concisely with no grammatical or spelling errors and fully adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style

STUDY REFRENCES

Learning Resources
Note: To access this week’s required library resources, please click on the link to the Course Readings List, found in the Course Materials section of your Syllabus.

Required Readings
McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. G. (2017). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge (4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Chapter 1, “Nursing Science and the Foundation of Knowledge” (pp. 7–19)
Chapter 2, “Introduction to Information, Information Science, and Information Systems” (pp. 21–33)
Chapter 3, “Computer Science and the Foundation of Knowledge Model” (pp. 35–62)
24Slides. (2018). How to make an infographic in PowerPoint. Retrieved September 27, 2018, from https://24slides.com/presentbetter/how-make-infographic-powerpoint/

Nagle, L., Sermeus, W., & Junger, A. (2017). Evolving role of the nursing informatics specialist. In J. Murphy, W. Goossen, & P. Weber (Eds.), Forecasting Competencies for Nurses in the Future of Connected Health (212–221). Clifton, VA: IMIA and IOS Press. Retrieved from https://serval.unil.ch/resource/serval:BIB_4A0FEA56B8CB.P001/REF

Sweeney, J. (2017). Healthcare informatics. Online Journal of Nursing Informatics, 21(1).

Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.

Required Media
TRNSCRIPT
Trends in Population Health
Program Transcript
GRANT SHEVCHIK: Medicine changes almost weekly with new advances new
developments.
SUZANNE PAONE: One of the most interesting trends that I see when it comes
to consumer information technology and informatics has to do with the ability of
consumers to purchase and engage in kits and at home activities, such as a kit
where you can go and have your genomic sampled, and it will give you data, or a
kit where you can go home and do home testing activities.
So the trend is that more of these activities that used to happen in the hospital or
in the laboratory are accessible to consumers, so they can learn more about
themselves, they can learn more about their health.
GRANT SHEVCHIK: There are 19 questions, 20 questions, you should ask
everybody who comes in where you are contemplating a migraine headache, and
you can be accurate over 95% of the time. So that\’s where artificial intelligence is
going to come in. We\’re going to begin to develop questionnaires that are really
thoughtful questionnaires, just like the one for migraines.
And it\’s going to come out and it\’s going to go zing, this person has an 86.2
percent chance of having migraine headaches of this type, of that type. It\’s
coming. Is it going to replace the physician? No. It\’s not going to replace us. We
should not be afraid of it. However, you as future leaders and everything else
should be aware of where you could use this within your organization.
What\’s really interesting, and we\’re only seeing the beginning of it, is what is
happening now with IBM, and what they\’re doing with their computer with Duke
and other places in aiding in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. And so I
think, as we begin to collate information and look at things, and let IT benefit, us
let artificial intelligence assist us, I think we\’ll make better diagnoses.
SUZANNE PAONE: We know that artificial intelligence is already having a
dramatic impact across many different aspects of our life and our society. I
predict that not too far down the road, we will have a lot of diagnostics taking
place automatically, where clinicians have access to computers that can process
massive amounts of data and make diagnostic recommendations to doctors, for
example.
So that\’s on the provider side. The other side of that aspect has to do with how
consumers interact with artificial intelligence directly. For example, today we
have tools and mechanisms where we can ask Google applications or Siri or
something for directions or recipes, and we know that people use those
applications for health care information.
© 2018 Laureate Education, Inc. 1

Trends in Population Health
What about critical scenarios? What happens if you ask Siri, I\’m depressed, and
what if that\’s a critical scenario where someone should be accessing emergency
care. There\’s a good example of an ethical societal issue that we haven\’t solved.
So there\’s certainly a lot of capability, but there\’s also a lot of potential
controversy and some very, very critical issues as a society that we\’re going to
have to handle.
GRANT SHEVCHIK: Insurance companies are sort of watch dogs. Should they
stay a watchdog, or should they be helping us in some other way? They have a
lot of data. They have a lot of information. Can they help us with their
information? I don\’t have the answers to this, but I encourage you, as you enter
into seperate fields, as you go to work for different companies, maintain your ties,
that sort of thing, because you\’ll never know. You met guys working together in
two different segments of health care may really be able to make a big
difference.
SUZANNE PAONE: The role of providers, insurance companies, and consumers
is changing significantly. Consumers are more engaged in their health. My
feeling is because they\’re paying more out-of-pocket, frankly, insurance
companies are beginning to shift more of the cost burden to the consumer, which
is basically creating an educated consumer, as we see in other industries.
Therefore, providers need to be more open, more transparent, more engaged
directly with consumers. What\’s happening in terms of informatics is that we start
to see applications evolving to keep up with this. We see personal health records
evolving. We see tracker applications, so that consumers can know what\’s going
on, collect data, talk to their providers proactively about their health.
GRANT SHEVCHIK: One of my father\’s best expressions was numbers don\’t lie,
but liars use numbers. Things to be careful of in general are percentages.
Somebody said they had 500% increase, you\’re going, oh, my. But guess what?
It went from one to five. It\’s not like there were 5,000 of them. There were five.
Begin to get a feeling for numbers. If you\’re going to be IT and you can\’t relate to
numbers, that\’s like not relating to kids and running a pediatric practice. A lot of
your projects during this program are going to help you with that, but you need to
be to somehow begin to comprehend and to grab things a little bit better, and
grasp numbers and what they mean and don\’t mean a little bit better.
SUZANNE PAONE: I would like students who are preparing to be transformative
leaders in the industry to understand that informatics are a set of tools, and that
the important use of informatics has to do with how you use those tools
strategically. Thinking about your customers, thinking about the outcomes that
you\’re trying to achieve, the tools will keep changing. Technology tools to change
all the time. Bright leaders, smart leaders, transformative leaders, know how to
© 2018 Laureate Education, Inc. 2

Trends in Population Health
leverage those tools and use them appropriately to meet the business goals that
they\’re trying to achieve.
Trends in Population Health
Additional Content Attribution
FOOTAGE:
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Suzanne Paone. (n.d.). Copy of IT PROFORMA Template_2.0.xls_sent to LE
111117.xls. Used with permission of Suzanne Paone.

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