Mammals have all of the following characteristics EXCEPTA) mammary glands.B) hair.C) lungs.D) a four-chambered heart.E) All of the above are mammalian characteristics.
A fish with fins containing rod-shaped bones surrounded by muscle is a(n)A) hagfish.B) lobe-finned fish.C) lamprey.D) shark.E) ray-finned fish.
Monotremes differ from other mammals in that theyA) have nipples.B) have hair.C) lay eggs.D) have a four-chambered heart.E) do not produce milk.
________ are the mammals with the most number of species.A) BatsB) RodentsC) PrimatesD) WhalesE) Marsupials
After eating at the new Mexican restaurant in town, you develop a mild case of food poisoning. Consequently, you never go back there again to eat. This is an example ofA) trial and error learning.
B) habituation.C) operant conditioning.
D) insight learning.
Innate animal behavior isA) nonadaptive.B) learned.C) not under genetic control.D) instinctive.E) both learned and instinctive.
A decline in response to a harmless, repeated stimulus is calledA) imprinting.B) a sensitive period.C) insight learning.D) instinctive behavior.E) habituation.
A worm learns to associate a flash of light with an electric shock byA) operant conditioning.B) insight learning.C) imprinting.D) habituation.E) trial and error learning.
Normal fruit fly larvae move away from their food after eating. However, some larvae that were subjected to X-rays remain near or in their food after eating. There is a consistent difference in the DNA of these two types of larvae. What can be concluded about this behavior?A) It appears to have a genetic component but is altered by experience.B) It appears to be entirely learned.C) It has a clear genetic component.D) Nothing can be concluded about this behavior from the information provided.
What advantage does sound communication have over visual communication?A) It is more quickly perceived.B) It uses less energy.C) It is not as likely to attract predators.D) It can communicate better the degree of an animal’s readiness for a particular behavior.E) It can be transmitted over distances even when physical barriers exist.
All the following are pheromones EXCEPTA) sex attractants produced by Japanese beetles.B) light emitted by fireflies.C) queen substance produced by honeybees.D) urine used by wolves to mark territories.E) trail substances produced by ants.
TerritorialityA) results in every individual in a population successfully breeding.B) decreases aggression within a population.C) increases the size of a population.D) All are correct.E) B and C are correct.
Human facial expressions in response to various emotionsA) vary according to race.B) vary tremendously from culture to culture.C) are remarkably similar among different cultures.D) vary according to age.E) vary according to sex.
Studies of identical human twins have shown thatA) they exhibit vastly different behavioral traits if raised in different environments.B) they do not live as long as fraternal twins live.C) their genes appear to have a great deal of influence on their behavior.D) they are no more alike than are fraternal twins.E) behavior does not depend on the types of genes present.
A hungry newborn human infant, touched on the side of her mouth, will turn her head andattempt to suckle. This example of behavior isA) not under genetic control.B) nonadaptive.C) instinctive.D) learned.E) a combination of all the above choices.
Behaviors that we call “play”A) are only observed in humans.
B) never occur in adults.C) can be dangerous.
D) cannot be adaptive.