Which of the following are true regarding advocacy as a part of counseling and psychotherapy

QUESTION 1

  1. According to psychoanalytic therapy, human beings are:motivated by social interest.

    Free to choose their own destinies.

    inclined to become self-actualized.

    driven by unconscious, instinctual drives.

1 points

QUESTION 2

  1. According to Jung, one way that the archetype is expressed is through:the superego.

    sacred images.

    the Shadow.

    the ego.

1 points

QUESTION 3

  1. A family system’s perspective implies:the outside world is the most powerful influence on a person’s development.

    clients are best understood through the context of their familial roles.

    that clients are autonomous and independent of their families.

    systemic intervention must be used to disrupt unhealthy family interactions.

1 points

QUESTION 4

  1. Constructivist-oriented counselorstake the perspective that clients’ cultural backgrounds are irrelevant to their stories

    do not impose their own lived experiences on the client’s narrative

    believe that their clients are unable to resolve discrepancies in their life stories

    seek to impart their own lived experiences on their clients

1 points

QUESTION 5

  1. WDEP stands for:wants, direction, efficacy, planning.

    wants, doing, self-evaluation, planning.

    wants, desires, self-evaluation, purpose.

    wishes, direction, efficiency, purpose.

1 points

QUESTION 6

  1. Which component of the personality is responsible for helping an individual cope with reality and preventing the individual from acting on his or her basic urges?Superego

    Id

    Conscious

    Ego

1 points

QUESTION 7

  1. The family life cycle is:an example of family decline.

    a developmental model.

    an example of a life stressor.

    a linear model.

1 points

QUESTION 8

  1. ___________ considered confrontation as an important part of encouragement.Adler

    Freud

    Perls

    Roger

1 points

QUESTION 9

  1. A multifaceted process occurring across the life span is called:genderfication.

    gender bias.

    gender role socialization.

    gender role identification.

1 points

QUESTION 10

  1. Which of the following is descriptive of what closure means in existential counseling?It means stopping therapy at the end of the semester at a counseling center.

    Facing the end of the helping relationship is the final confrontation with reality.

    It is a relatively unimportant part of counseling.

    It is when counselors close out all of their files.

1 points

QUESTION 11

  1. Which of the following strategies is most consistent with empowerment in coun¬seling and psychotherapy?Helping the client view the counselor or therapist as expert.

    Letting clients know specifically what goals they should be working toward.

    Providing the client with a thorough explanation of the therapy process.

    Pointing out to clients how their past behaviors have been ineffective.

1 points

QUESTION 12

  1. Stage 1 (relationship development) of the helping process includes all but one of the following activities:data gathering

    rapport building

    problem solution

    initial meeting

1 points

QUESTION 13

  1. A traditional technique in psychoanalysis that invites clients to relate what¬ever comes into their minds during the session without self-censorship isAnalyzing resistances

    Posthypnotic suggestion

    Free association

    Dream analysis

1 points

QUESTION 14

  1. According to Adler, which of the following is not one of the three life tasks?Love

    Community

    Family

    Work

1 points

QUESTION 15

  1. The developer of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is:Fritz Perls.

    Albert Ellis.

    Marsha Linehan.

    Carl Rogers.

1 points

QUESTION 16

  1. According to person-centered theory, for someone to be continuously believed and trusted by a client they must:have years of professional experience.

    know the right questions to ask.

    be genuine.

    not make mistakes.

1 points

QUESTION 17

  1. A counselor directing a client to physically move during a session is an activity most likely to occur in which of the following approaches to family therapy?structural

    conjoint

    narrative

    transgenerational

1 points

QUESTION 18

  1. In working with a triangulated relationship, Bowen would be inclined to:remain detached, reinforcing calmness and rationality.

    join the family.

    side with one member involved in the triangle.

    engage in self-disclosure to build trust.

1 points

QUESTION 19

  1. Yalom’s theory focused on all below exceptthe importance of the relationship

    psychoanalytic/psychodynamic existential counseling

    identifying wants and needs

    death, freedom, isolation, and meaning

1 points

QUESTION 20

  1. The dialectical behavior theory model proposes that a successful counseling intervention must meet five critical functions. Which of the following is not one of these functions?boost the clients’ capabilities

    structure the environment so that the treatment can take place

    ensure the clients’ capabilities are specific to their environment

    improve and preserve the clients’ incentive to change

1 points

QUESTION 21

  1. The goal of reality therapy is tohelp clients raise their level of perception.

    lower clients’ level of perception.

    fulfill wants and needs without infringing on the rights of others.

    get in touch with reality.

1 points

QUESTION 22

  1. A strategy of feminist counselors for empowering clients is to involve them in naming their problems and participating in directing the counseling process. This strategy is called:gender role analysis.

    demystifying the counseling process.

    probing.

    client empowerment.

1 points

QUESTION 23

  1. Which of the following are true regarding advocacy as a part of counseling and psychotherapy?Advocating for clients and client groups damages the therapeutic alliance.

    Counselors or therapists should assume that clients cannot advocate for themselves.

    Advocacy can take place at many different levels from individual to systemic.

    Advocacy is different from counseling and psychotherapy in that clients do not need informed consent.

1 points

QUESTION 24

  1. According to Ellis, shouldsoughts, and musts do not fall under which of the following categories?world-demandingness

    self-demandingness

    unconditional self-acceptance

    other-demandingness

1 points

QUESTION 25

  1. All of the following strategies are unique to feminist therapy except for:encouraging clients to take social action.

    gender-role analysis and intervention.

    power analysis and intervention.

    cognitive restructuring.

1 points

QUESTION 26

  1. Empowerment and egalitarianism are the basis of the _______ therapeutic relationship.Gestalt

    feminist

    psychoanalytic

    existential

1 points

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