The left hemisphere has regions devoted to _____
a. processing emotional cues.
b. visual-spatial processing.
c. math and logic.
d. creative uses of thought and language.
The most important limitation of the experimental method is that, no matter how careful an experimenter is, factors other than the independent variable can affect different subject groups in the study unequally. These factors are called _____
a. dependent variables.
b. confounding variables.
c. selection variables.
d. error variables.
The myelin sheath and nodes of Ranvier are important because they _____
a. protect the neuron.
b. speed neural impulses.
c. create action potential.
d. prevent refractory periods.
The part of a neuron that extends, tail-like, from the soma, and releases neurotransmitters into the synapse is the _____
b. glial cell.
d. terminal bud.
The process of objectively evaluating claims, propositions, and conclusions to determine whether they follow logically from the evidence is known as _____
a. critical thinking.
c. heuristic thinking.
d. suspension of judgment.
The third variable problem occurs when one variable, for example your independent variable, is actually linked to another variable that you are not manipulating or controlling for. In this example, what might the third variable be? (Example: The larger a child’s shoe size, the more vocabulary she has.)
a. her gender
b. her age
c. her dress size
d. her language skills
The trait of hand preference illustrates that _____
a. genes are our destiny.
b. learning outweighs genes.
c. nature always wins.
d. nature and nurture work together.
The _____ is heavily involved in the learning of fear responses.
The _____, often referred to as the master gland because it activates other glands, is located _____
a. pituitary gland; just above the kidneys.
b. pineal gland; in the lower neck.
c. pituitary gland; near the hypothalamus.
d. pineal gland; just above the kidneys.
Twin studies and studies of adopted children allow behavioral geneticists to research the _____
a. polygenic nature of inheritance.
b. relative contributions of genes and environment.
c. ways genes always win over environment.
d. ways environment always wins over genes.
When a study is completed, researchers have _____
a. no further responsibility to the participants.
b. a responsibility to follow them for 6 months to be sure they are okay.
c. a responsibility to debrief the participants.
d. a responsibility to put them in touch with the other participants.
When seeking sensitive information, such as financial or sexual information, it is probably best to use _____
a. trained interviewers.
b. self-administered questionnaires.
c. phone interviews.
d. researcher-administered questionnaires.
When the researcher’s expectations influence participant’s behavior and/or the researcher’s interpretation of the experimental results, it is called ____
a. participant bias.
b. experimenter bias.
c. subject bias.
d. intentional bias.
When wanting a record of electrical activity in the brain in the form of brain waves, a (an) _____ machine would be used.
c. computerized X-ray
d. electrowave spectral imager
Whether a neuron fires or not depends on _____
a. whether it is an excitatory neuron.
b. the sum of excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters it receives.
c. what type of neurotransmitter the neuron makes.
d. whether the neuron is myelinated or not.
Which of the following brain structures is involved in regulating hunger, thirst, temperature, and sexual behavior?
Which of the following is an example of applied research?
a. studying what methods work to improve memory
b. studying the difference between short and long-term memory
c. studying the neurochemistry of memory
d. altering memory in mice to better understand memory storage
Which of the following is required in order to benefit from meditation?
a. a spiritual belief
c. a licensed therapist
d. a decade of practice
Which of the following psychological perspectives covered in your text emphasizes the role of physical processes and structures, as well as familial heredity, in explaining behavior?
a. the biological perspective
b. the medical perspective
c. the evolutionary perspective
d. the humanistic perspective
Which of the following represents the strongest correlation?
Which of the following would limit the effectiveness of the experimental method?
a. random assignment
b. selection bias
c. independent variables
d. representative samples
Wilder Penfield, a neurosurgeon, developed a map of the _____ cortex by stimulating different areas in conscious patients undergoing neurosurgery.