Question 1.1. (TCO 6) Aristotle said that extreme democracies, pure oligarchies, or tyrannies can develop from what cause? (Points : 3)
Communities where some possess much
Communities where some have nothing
All of the above
None of the above
Question 2.2. (TCO 6) Which of the following is most consistent with the idea of a social contract? (Points : 3)
Government should be limited to ensure individual freedom.
Individuals join and stay in civil society.
Citizens prefer solitary lives to living in groups.
Citizens are more concerned with their own social situations than the community.
Question 3.3. (TCO 6) Which of the following is most consistent with the concept of the “general will” according to Rousseau? (Points : 3)
Creating a park for the citizens to enjoy
Using public dollars so that some citizens can attend private schools
Offering tax breaks to one auto manufacturing plant
Low turnout in elections
Question 4.4. (TCO 6) Karl Marx used the term _____ to refer to everything built on top of the economy. (Points : 3)
the social contract
Question 5.5. (TCO 6) According to Karl Marx, what would likely replace capitalism? (Points : 3)
Question 6.6. (TCO 6) Which statement best applies to Adam Smith? (Points : 3)
His views began as conservative, but are now associated with modern liberalism.
His views were once considered liberal, but are now promoted by conservatives.
His views have always been advocated by liberals.
Marxists promoted his views because of concerns of the proletariat.
Question 7.7. (TCO 6) Thomas Hill Green might agree with which of the following? (Points : 3)
No one is forced to take a job he or she doesn’t like.
Unions are necessary to protect workers against business owners.
Taxes should benefit business owners because they allow owners to hire more workers.
Markets regulate themselves.
Question 8.8. (TCO 6) Where do modern conservatives diverge from Adam Smith? (Points : 3)
Adam Smith was resolute in his belief that markets produced fair outcomes, whereas modern conservatives are not.
Adam Smith believed government could help regulate market, but modern conservatives do not.
Modern conservatives believe government can help regulate markets, but Adam Smith did not.
Modern conservatives are resolute in their beliefs that markets are fair, but Adam Smith acknowledged that they could be unfair.
Question 9.9. (TCO 6) Libertarians would like the original thoughts of _____. (Points : 3)
T. H. Green
Question 10.10. (TCO 6) Which of the following assisted Germany and Italy in their war efforts? (Points : 3)
Disenchantment with socialism
Appeals to the citizens based on extreme nationalistic views
Unequal distribution of resources domestically and abroad
A revolt against the dominant world powers