- The founders of solution-focused brief therapy areInsoo Kim Berg and Steve de Shazer.
Michael White and David Epston.
Aaron Beck and Albert Ellis.
Frederick and Laura Perls.
- In practicing reality therapy, counselors and therapists focus on:the interpersonal relationships of the client.
insight into causes of behavior.
- An ethnic minority client is silent during the initial phase of counseling. This silence is probably best interpreted as:resistance.
demonstration of uncooperative behavior.
a response consistent with his or her cultural context.
a sign that counseling will not work with this client.
- Individuals are seen by Adlerians as wanting to contribute and cooperate for the betterment of self and others.True
- The technique of free association:is linear and planned to direct and guide the client.
uses intuition and linking, which leads to new personal insights and meanings.
does not require clarification and confrontation.
is used to unearth specific answers or memories to questions of childhood experiences.
- Adlerians believe that discouragement:is minimal in comparison with other dysfunctions.
can be overcome with medication.
is not part of an Adlerian viewpoint.
is the basic condition that prevents people from functioning.
- According to reality therapy, human beings change their behavior only if they change their level of perception.True
- In working with a triangulated relationship, Bowen would be inclined to:engage in self-disclosure to build trust.
side with one member involved in the triangle.
join the family.
remain detached, reinforcing calmness and rationality.
- Which humanistic approach emphasizes the basic attitudes of the therapist as the core of the therapeutic process?Which humanistic approach emphasizes the basic attitudes of the therapist as the core of the therapeutic process?
- People who respond to others by acting on the conditions of worth others place on them are most likely to lead productive, satisfying lives.True
- Which one of the following is not associated with the cognitive-behavioral action-oriented therapies?existential therapy
rational emotive behavior therapy
- Rational emotive behavior therapy is based on the assumption that humans have a biological tendency to think irrationally as well as rationally.True
- Wolpe’s systematic desensitization is based on the principles of:classical conditioning.
none of the above
- Which of the following is true regarding social identity development models?They are often based on the assumptions that individuals have varying degrees of awareness and acceptance of their social identities.
They characterize an individual’s level of identification with a social identity group through the individual’s display of pathology.
They only address the identity development of racial and ethnic minorities.
They describe the social identity development process as culminating in mainstreaming into dominant society.
- In reality therapy, the environment or the counseling or psychotherapeutic atmosphere includes attending behaviors, doing the unexpected, and use of metaphors.True