Which of the following statements is true about the Internet?

Which of the following statements is true about the Internet?

Its regulations have decreased over time so that greater numbers of people can use it for illegal purposes.

It has expanded from a source of static information to a meeting place used to organize political events.

Its role has remained limited to providing facts about elected officials and laws at various levels of government.

It was designed to be a forum for social and political change but is now used almost exclusively for entertainment.

Question 13 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.05 LC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.4.1>

Countries with autocracy-based governments have

a small group of leaders with similar political views

regular elections to select representative officials

a single ruler who may be a monarch or dictator

shared decisions between citizens and leaders

Question 14 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 01.01 LC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.1>

Which of the following is an example of government affecting citizens’ daily lives?

Voting booths are set up at a library.

Local doctors speak to a citizen group.

A local group organizes a park cleanup.

Road traffic is heaviest in the afternoon.

Question 15 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 01.02 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.1>

The naturalization process in the United States

can be achieved within a few weeks because very few immigrants choose to apply to be legal citizens

usually takes months to years because officials investigate and find that most applicants are here illegally

can be achieved within a few weeks because it only requires that a person have a job and a driver’s license

usually takes months to years because a person must complete several steps including time as a legal resident

Question 16 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 01.01 LC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.1>

In an indirect democracy, major laws and rules are made by

majority vote of the people

the top executive official

elected representatives

state-level executives

Question 17 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 01.01 LC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.1>

Republic means the same as

individual rights

direct democracy

consent of the governed

representative democracy

Question 18 (Multiple Choice Worth 4 points)

(Policy and Elections 03.05 HC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.13>

“Our aim is a democratic peace, a peace founded upon the dignity and rights of every man and woman.”—President Bush, 2004 State of the Union Address

© 2012 Jupiterimages Corporation

The image represents Theodore Roosevelt, president from 1901 to 1909, known for the phrase “speak softly and carry a big stick.”

Which of the following is a valid statement about the artist’s judgment in the image compared to the quote?

President Roosevelt was a much tougher leader than President Bush, who clearly was unwilling to go to war.

President Bush was a much tougher leader than President Roosevelt, who clearly was unwilling to go to war.

President Roosevelt was willing to trample on human rights to win wars, while President Bush would not.

President Bush was willing to trample on human rights to win wars, while President Roosevelt would not.

Question 19 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.01 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.9>

Which of the following types of cases would have to begin in a state-level court?

disputes over interpretation of the Constitution

disputes related to federal officials while in office

disputes arising from accident damage to property

disputes that arise from laws that govern immigration

Question 20 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.01 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.9>

Which of the following is true about responsibility in the U.S. Court system?

State courts handle most criminal and civil trials, whereas federal courts address constitutional law and appeals from state courts of last resort.

State courts handle constitutional law, but only the federal courts can make new laws based on their interpretations.

State courts handle appeals from the federal district courts, and federal district courts handle appeals from state courts as a check on the power of the courts.

State courts handle local trial courts and most cases though the federal court has authority to select certain cases to hear.

Question 21 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.01 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.6>

Public Domain

A federal case in Texas would begin in a

Texas trial court

Texas court of last resort

U.S. District Court for Circuit Five

U.S. Court of Appeals for Circuit Five

Question 22 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.01 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.6>

Public Domain

People involved in cases that are accepted by the U.S. Supreme Court

must travel to the U.S. Court of Appeals for their circuit

must travel to Washington D.C. to present their cases

present their cases in the closest U.S. Circuit Court

present their cases in the state court of last resort

Question 23 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 02.04 LC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.14>

Reserved powers

are determined only by the president

are shared by the states and nation

belong to the national government

belong only to state governments

Question 24 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 02.03 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.1.3>

Bills of rights “have no application to constitutions professedly founded upon the power of the people, and executed by their immediate representatives and servants. Here, in strictness, the people surrender nothing, and as they retain everything, they have no need of particular reservations.”–Alexander Hamilton, Federalist No. 84

Hamilton argues in this quote that

a list of rights in the Constitution is unnecessary because the government’s power is already limited

a list of rights should be added to the Constitution before the state legislatures vote whether to ratify

representatives of the people should have the task of determining protections for individual rights

people should choose their representatives and other leaders very carefully to protect their rights

Question 25 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.06 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.4.2>

In the early 21st century, the United States sent troops to both Afghanistan and Iraq to

establish democratic colonies throughout the region

prevent the support and conduct of terror activities

assist both nations in their wish for independence

focus public attention on human rights violations

Question 26 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Policy and Elections 03.06 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.14>

Which of the following makes a true statement about the Electoral College?

Individual votes have little bearing on the outcome of presidential elections, as only electoral votes are counted.

According to the U.S. Constitution, all states are awarded a minimum of five electoral votes.

Electoral votes are awarded and the president is usually chosen based on the popular vote in each state.

The original procedure for the Electoral College process in was outlined in the 12th amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

Question 27 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.04 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.10>

Which of the following cases set a precedent that accused people have the right to counsel even if they cannot afford it?

Texas v. Johnson

Plessy v. Ferguson

Gideon v. Wainwright

Brown v. Board of Education

Question 28 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.02 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.8>

Sue and Tim are arguing about the value of appointing rather than electing federal judges. Tim says they are appointed because they need to be independent. What does he mean?

Judges do not depend on voter will to keep their jobs. If that were the case, then judges would make decisions based on popular will rather than interpretations of law.

Judges receive their commissions from the president so they are independent in the sense that only the president needs to approve their decisions, not other officials.

Judges make decisions in isolation from other judges so that their interpretations of the law are not affected by the opinions or judgments of the associate judges.

Judges are like other federal officials and must consider the people’s will when deciding a case. They consult with other officials and the president to make decisions.

Question 29 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.02 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.8>

Judges are expected to base their decisions on the

timing of elections, similar to other elected officials

will of the majority, similar to other elected officials

interpretation of law, independent from elected officials

reports of the media, independent from elected officials

Question 30 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.05 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.4.4>

© 2012 Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0

Which of the following makes a true statement?

Countries with minimal wealth, such as those in Africa, are associated with greater degrees of democratization.

Countries with greater wealth, such as those in North America, are associated with greater democratization.

Countries with greater wealth, such as those in Africa, are associated with lesser degrees of democratization.

Countries with minimal wealth, such as those in North America, are associated with lesser democratization.

Question 31 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 02.04 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.2>

The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion.”–U.S. Constitution

According to this quote, the job of protecting the nation from foreign enemies belongs to

the local governments

each state government

the national government

international governments

Question 32 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Policy and Elections 03.04 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.15>

One way individuals can increase their individual influence on public policy is to

volunteer to work at the polls and record votes for an election

attend meetings of local government councils and committees

become an active member of a political party or interest group

follow the laws and report those who violate them to authorities

Question 33 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Policy and Elections 03.04 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.15>

Andres made an appointment to meet with a representative from his district. He wants to request funding on behalf of a local parents and students’ group to build a baseball field at the county park. Andres’ acted as a lobbyist for a

special interest group

labor union

political action committee

political party

Question 34 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 02.02 LC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.15>

Which of the following is a true statement about the Constitution?

It distributes power among three branches of government.

It has a president who heads three branches of government.

It imparts authority on tax policies to the state governments.

It gives supreme authority to the separate state governments.

Question 35 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 01.02 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.1>

Juan is not a legal U.S. citizen, but he has permission to live and work in the United States through

a driver’s license and may run for elected positions

his parents and may not run for elected positions

a visa and may not run for elected positions

birth and may run for elected positions

Question 36 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 02.03 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.1.4>

“Security and stability cannot be maintained through a confederation of individual, sovereign states.”

Which of the following best describes this quote?

It represents the perspective of a Federalist, arguing for a strong centralized government.

It represents the perspective of a Federalist, arguing for a weak centralized government.

It represents the perspective of an Anti-Federalist, arguing for a strong central government.

It represents the perspective of an Anti-Federalist, arguing for a weak central government.

Question 37 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.02 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.7>

The minority opinion of a decided case

is the official explanation for the final ruling that will apply to the case

is unnecessary unless the power of judicial review has been employed

expresses the justification for a dissenting opinion of one or more judges

supports the ruling of the majority but rationalizes it with different reasons

Question 38 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.02 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.7>

The decision of the U.S. Supreme Court on a constitutional issue is

considered null and void unless the state governments must amend their laws

unofficial until the legislative branch has an opportunity to edit the related law

final unless overturned by a constitutional amendment or new court decision

subject to a review by either the executive branch or the legislative branch

Question 39 (Multiple Choice Worth 4 points)

(Citizenship 02.05 HC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.6>

“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”

Which of the following possible court cases could legitimately be argued under the terms of the quote above?

A person sues government officials for not making policies according to the person’s written letters.

A person uses and shares illegal substances with minors who all say the activity is for worship of faith.

A person refuses to leave a privately owned restaurant after being told the business was closed that day.

A person appeals a conviction for disturbing the peace by holding a protest sign each day outside city hall.

Question 40 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Citizenship 02.05 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.7, ss.912.c.3.11=””>

Which of the following best explains why people do not have unlimited First Amendment rights?

It is inappropriate to criticize or condemn elected government officials.

Leaders worth following would be drowned out by meaningless speech.

Certain types of speech could infringe on others’ rights or public safety.

The government would be ineffective, weighed down by citizen requests.

Question 41 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Policy and Elections 03.06 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.2.16>

© 2012 FLVS

According to this graph, voter turnout among

women is generally half that of men

men is generally half that of women

women is usually higher than for men

men is usually higher than for women

Question 42 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Policy and Elections 03.06 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.g.4.1>

Public Domain

Which of the following is a reasonable conclusion based on the map?

Most states in the Northeast and Midwest decreased in total population, losing representatives.

Most Northeastern and Midwestern states decreased as a portion of the total national population.

Most states in the Northeast and Midwest increased in total population, gaining representatives.

Most Northeastern and Midwestern states increased as a portion of the total national population.

Question 43 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Policy and Elections 03.01 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.3>

What can the legislative branch do if the president vetoes a bill?

It can override the veto by requiring ratification by three-fourths of the states.

It can override the veto with a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress.

It can appeal the veto to the Supreme Court who can rule the bill into law.

It can request that the president conduct a second review of the bill.

Question 44 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Policy and Elections 03.01 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.3>

Which of the following quotes from the Constitution describes the Senate?

“No Person…who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.”

“The…shall chose their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States.”

“The…shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States.”

“The…shall choose their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.”

Question 45 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.01 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.3.6>

According to Article III of the U.S. Constitution, how long do federal judges serve?

until the next election cycle

until they choose to retire or resign

until the President decides their term is up

until Congress eliminates funding for the court

Question 46 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)

(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.06 MC) <object:standard:ss.912.c.4.3>

Media outlets around the world

criticized U.S. policy toward terror suspect detainees as violating human rights

supported U.S. policy toward terror suspect detainees as in line with human rights

criticized U.S. policy toward terror suspect detainees as too protective of human rights

supported U.S. policy toward terror suspect detainees as needed exceptions to human rights

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