Which type of model is most appropriate for this purpose?

Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)

A scientist wishes to represent the location of an earthquake in California. Which type of model is most appropriate for this purpose?

Computer simulation

Equation

Graph

Map

Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)

Which of the following resulted from the growing consensus within the scientific community as to the accuracy of the Big Bang theory?

New scientific laws were created.

An older theory was supported.

Older theories were disproved.

New problems were considered untestable.

Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)

When a local farmer found oil bubbling to the surface in one of his fields, he reported the information to a group of scientists. After 30 years of experimentation, the scientists develop a new theory about how oil formed beneath this location. How do you know that this information is really a theory?

The theory proves a scientific law.

Most of the data were unobservable.

The theory was developed over time.

The data describe a natural phenomenon.

Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)

When a scientific investigation produces evidence that does not support the hypothesis, what can you conclude about the investigation?

A law has been formed.

A theory remains accurate.

A theory has been disproved.

More investigations need to be completed.

Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)

Which type of model is represented in the following image?

Public Domain

Computer simulation

Graph

Map

Small-scale object

Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)

Which of the following statements is true regarding both theories and laws?

Test problems

Require consensus

Lead to hypotheses

Explain data

Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)

A pair of scientists proposes two different theories to explain the same set of observations. Which of the following best explains the value of these competing theories?

Competing theories can be a source of new, testable ideas.

Competing theories are necessary to transform a theory into a law.

Competing theories generate controversy that helps popularize ideas.

Competing theories allow scientists to combine the most interesting aspects of both theories.

Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)

Scott stated the following series of observations. Which represents a theory?

I observed three stars in the sky.

The stars give off light.

Light travels at 300,000 kilometers per second.

Stars are balls of hot gases.

Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)

Which of the following objects would require the use of a large-scale model?

An atom

A car engine

A frog’s heart

The Mississippi River

Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)

Which best describes how equations are used in science?

An equation is a type of graph.

An equation is a type of theory.

Equations use symbols to represent data.

Equations show the locations of distant objects.

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